2020-2021 Academic Catalog

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Course Descriptions

Courses of Study

This list of courses offered by the School of Theology and their descriptions are subject to change through normal academic channels. Not all courses are available on all campuses or on a regular basis. A schedule of courses and expanded course descriptions are published in advance of each quarter. The information in these publications supersedes the information in this catalog.

Courses of Study: Biblical Studies Division

Biblical Studies Division Faculty

  • John Goldingay, David Allan Hubbard Professor Emeritus of Old Testament and Senior Professor of Old Testament
  • J. Andrew Dearman, Senior Professor of Old Testament
  • Joel B. Green, Associate Dean for the Center for Advanced Theological Studies and Professor of New Testament Interpretation
  • Seyoon Kim, Senior Professor of New Testament
  • Marianne Meye Thompson, George Eldon Ladd Professor of New Testament Interpretation
  • Carly Crouch, David Allan Hubbard Professor of Old Testament
  • Christopher B. Hays, D. Wilson Moore Professor of Ancient Near Eastern Studies
  • Kyong Jin Lee, Associate Professor of Old Testament Studies
  • George T. Givens, Associate Professor of New Testament
  • Stephen E. Young, Assistant Professor of New Testament
  • Leslie C. Allen, Senior Professor of Old Testament
  • James T. Butler, Senior Associate Professor of Old Testament
  • Donald A. Hagner, George Eldon Ladd Professor Emeritus of New Testament and Senior Professor of New Testament
  • Pamela J. Scalise, Senior Professor of Old Testament

Biblical Interpretation (BI)

BI 500 Interpretive Practices. This course introduces interpretive approaches and practices for students of the Bible. Students will consider the aims and assumptions of biblical interpretation, become familiar with major resources for study of the Bible, interpret a variety of biblical texts in both testaments, and reflect upon the manner in which the varied contexts (6.g., social, cultural, theological) of the biblical world and contemporary readers inform interpretation. Prerequisite: NT500 or 0T500.

BI 501 Bible, Hermeneutics, and Christian Mission. This course introduces students to the relationship between biblical interpretation and the theology and practice of Christian mission. Participants will grapple with the importance of mission for reading the Bible and the teaching of the Bible on mission. This will include the missiological orientation of biblical texts, diverse paradigms for missional practice in Scripture, and issues of contextualization as students seek to understand the significance of mission for reading the Bible and for embodying Scripture’s witness in their contexts.

BI 502 Women, the Bible, and the Church. This course explores the biblical, theological, historical, and cultural perspectives on the role of women in the Church and world. It will examine the ancient Near Eastern socio-cultural contexts in which the biblical depiction of women developed. It will also consider how the biblical texts concerning women have been interpreted and in turn defined the place of women in the Church and society at large. This course will examine the understanding and application of biblical texts in relation to the Christian notion of womanhood, women in Christian leadership, and the impact of feminism and feminist scholarship on biblical texts concerning women.

Biblical Language Studies (LG)

LG 500 Hebrew Tools for Biblical Interpretation. This course offers a limited introduction to biblical Hebrew, including the writing system, basic lexicon, morphology, and syntax. The emphasis is on the responsible employment of standard reference works, commentaries, and Bible software to the practice of Old Testament interpretation in ministry contexts.

LG 502 Beginning Hebrew. The elements of Hebrew vocabulary, morphology and grammar. Offered as a two-quarter course, four units per quarter. Also offered as an intensive course in one quarter.

LG 506 Intermediate Hebrew. This course investigates the morphology and syntax of Biblical Hebrew and goes beyond the work possible in LG502. Grammatical study will be enhanced by relevant reading from Old Testament texts. Prerequisite: LG502 and permission of instructor.

LG 510 Greek Tools for Biblical Interpretation. This course provides a limited introduction to and practice in the use of exegetical Greek for ministry. It emphasizes an inductive approach to working with the Greek New Testament and important linguistic matters that influence understanding New Testament texts. The course stresses the use of standard tools for Greek study (including software) instead of extensive memorization of forms and vocabulary in order to focus on the practical use of the Greek New Testament.

LG 512 Beginning Greek. The elements of New Testament Greek vocabulary, morphology and grammar. Offered as a one-quarter intensive course or over two or three quarters. Also taught in Spanish. 8 or 12 units.

LG 525 Biblical Aramaic. The elements of biblical Aramaic learned through study of the Aramaic portions of Ezra and Daniel. Prerequisite: LG502.

LG 533 Beginning Ugaritic. This course, the first of a two-course sequence, introduces the language, literature, and culture of Ugarit, a Late Bronze Age city-state on the coast of the Mediterranean whose language was in the same cultural stream as Hebrew. Special attention is given to the ways in which the study of this material has profoundly informed and improved the study of the Old Testament. Prerequisite: LG502.

LG 534 Ugaritic II: Special Topics. This course, the second of a two-course sequence, delves deeper into the language, literature, and culture of Ugarit, giving special attention to the ways that Ugaritology affects the study of the Hebrew Bible. Weekly seminar discussions on selected topics will expose students to the growing literature on Ugarit . Prerequisite: LG533.

LG 535 Beginning Akkadian. This course, the first of a two-quarter sequence, begins to introduce the Akkadian language, and to survey the history and literature of ancient Mesopotamia, giving special attention to the ways that Assyriology affects the study of the Old Testament. Prerequisite: LG502 or permission of instructor.

LG 536 Advanced Akkadian. This course, the second of a two-quarter sequence, completes the introduction of the Akkadian language. It also surveys the culture and literature of ancient Mesopotamia, giving special attention to the ways that Assyriology affects the study of the Old Testament. Prerequisite: LG535.

LG 546 Northwest Semitic Texts. This course will introduce the student to the more important remains of the literature of the NW Semitic sphere from the first millennium B.C., i.e., Old Phoenician, Old Aramaic, Old Hebrew, and Ammonite, and Moabite. Prerequisite: LG502.

LG 565 Theological French. This course is designed for students with little or no prior knowledge of French. Students will be introduced to French vocabulary and grammar necessary for reading and translating the Bible, theological journal articles and books in academic research. Students will also be introduced to available resources and tools for reading and translating French texts.

LG 566 Theological German. This course will introduce students to the essential grammar, syntax, and vocabulary needed to functionally read German-language texts. In addition, the course will immerse the student in the German language through daily readings from medieval to modern German theological texts. Due to its intensive nature, the course will demand a substantial time investment, ca.12 hours per week outside of class, and some students may find they need to spend more than the minimum amount of time to learn the material. Prior work with German language is not required, but would certainly be beneficial.

LG 567 Theological Latin. This course will provide students the opportunity to gain enough facility in Latin to read Classical, Biblical, Patristic, and Reformation Latin texts. If Hebrew and Greek are the languages of the Scriptures, Latin was the language of theological discourse in the western church for about 1,700 years. Thus, knowledge of Latin is essential for the advanced student of church history and theology. Not only that, Latin’s precise grammatical structures expressed through inflection sharpen minds in ways that enhance general theological reasoning. Due to its intensive nature, this course will demand a much more substantial time investment than students might anticipate for a four-unit course.

New Testament Exegesis (NE)

NE 517 New Testament Exegesis (Modern text). Exegetical study of the text of a New Testament book or books or portions of a New Testament book in a modern language. Prerequisite: BI500 or NE502; NT500 or NS500 or NS501.

NE 527 New Testament Exegesis (Greek text). Exegetical study of the text of a New Testament book or books or portions of a New Testament book in Greek.

NE 561 Luke and the American Road Movie. This course will pursue a dialogue between the biblical journey motif in Luke and the American road movie, engaging such shared themes as pilgrimage, dislocation, race, gender, wealth, family, community and reconciliation. The course will (1) study the chief passages and theological themes found in the extensive journey motif in the Gospel of Luke, (2) view and discuss selected American road movies, (3) facilitate a cultural and theological dialogue between the two, and (4) foster interpretive skills for biblical narrative and contemporary film.

NE 567 New Testament Interpretation (English text). This course is an interpretive study of the Gospel according to Matthew, which seeks to acquaint students with the larger movement of the narrative and the intricacies of select passages, develop their skill in reading the Gospel, and deepen their understanding of Jesus and Christian discipleship.

NE 590 Directed Study in Hermeneutics or New Testament Exegesis.

New Testament Studies (NS)

NS 500 New Testament 1: Gospels/Acts. This Internet-based course introduces the nature, structure, and message of the New Testament Gospels and Acts in their historical, literary, and canonical contexts. The course is a companion to (though independent of) NS501, which introduces Romans through Revelation.

NS 501 New Testament 2: Romans-Rev. This course introduces the nature, structure, and message of the New Testament documents from Romans to Revelation in their historical, literary, and canonical contexts and considers their relevance to subsequent socio-cultural contexts. The course is a companion to (though independent of) NS500, which introduces the four Gospels and Acts.

NS 512 Jesus and the Kingdom of God. This course introduces the nature, structure, and message of the New Testament documents from Romans to Revelation in their historical, literary, and canonical contexts and considers their relevance to subsequent socio-cultural contexts. The course is a companion to (though independent of) NS500, which introduces the four Gospels and Acts.

NS 525 The Cross in the New Testament. A study of the rich variety of interpretations of the death of Jesus in the New Testament, as well as the challenge of conveying its significance today.

NS 531 Pauline Theology. This course introduces the nature, structure, and message of the New Testament documents from Romans to Revelation in their historical, literary, and canonical contexts and considers their relevance to subsequent socio-cultural contexts. The course is a companion to (though independent of) NS500, which introduces the four Gospels and Acts.

NS 537 Parables of Jesus. This course provides an introduction to the study of the parables of Jesus, with an emphasis on understanding them in their historical context and interpreting them for teaching and preaching. We will also explore such issues as the role or function of parables in Jesus’ proclamation of the kingdom of God, the history of interpreting the parables, and how parables, imagery and metaphor work.

NS 542 God of the Gospels. This course uses the various petitions of the Lord’s Prayer to investigate the Biblical witness to God, taking into account both explicit and implicit designations, descriptions, and characteristics of God (e.g., God as Father; holy; forgiving; creator; providing and giving; protecting and delivering). While the course concentrates on the Gospels, it sets their study in the larger context of Scripture, considering the challenge and importance of a holistic canonical witness to the character and mission of God in the world. The course also pays attention to some theological issues as these are raised by the biblical texts (e.g., the question of gender in God; God’s hiddenness, suffering, and providence).

NS 561 Women and the Bible. This course will examine a number of important questions pertaining to the depictions of women in the Bible and the ways in which biblical texts pertaining to women have been interpreted and applied in the Christian church. Issues to be discussed include (a) how women are portrayed (or overlooked) by various biblical authors; (b) how biblical images of women compare with what we know about the social lives of women and men in the ancient world; (c) how texts pertaining to women have been interpreted and applied in Christian theology and church life over the centuries; and (d) how contemporary feminist scholarship has reshaped Christian engagement with the biblical text.

NS 563 Race and Christian Identity in the New Testament. This course develops a biblically based, theological approach to identity by exploring the relationship between racial identity, ethnic identity and Christian identity. Lectures and discussions about NT texts and works about ethnic and racial identity help students understand the biblical world-view and modern and post-modern trends on the subject of racial and ethnic identity. Students will be exposed to several biblical, theological, and theoretical approaches that will be used to construct a uniquely Christian posture about race issues in society for a variety of ethno-racial groups. Classes include lectures, discussion, online directed learning activities, and student-lead seminars on Christian identity ethics. Prerequisite: NS500 or NS501 or NT500, and NE502 or BI500.

NS 581 NT Seminar: Research Methods. A seminar in which participants explore through readings, practice, and critical discussion the range of methods employed in contemporary NT study. The entire research process will be discussed, modeled, and practiced.

NS 590 Directed Study in New Testament Theology.

New Testament Studies (NT)

NT 500 New Testament Introduction. This course orients students to the literature of the New Testament in its various literary, historical, and theological contexts and to New Testament interpretation in service of Christian practice.

NT 525 Biblical Theology and Theological Hermeneutics. An exploration of the development and current status of modern “biblical theology,” and the contemporary recovery of a theological hermeneutics in relation to the biblical theology movement.

NT 526 Advanced Greek: Apostolic Fathers. This is a 6-unit seminar for doctoral students, also offered at the 500-level as a 4-unit course open to a limited number of master’s-level students. This seminar combines close reading of the Greek text of the Apostolic Fathers together with exposure to critical issues in the interpretation of this corpus of early Christian literature, including its significance for understanding the New Testament.

NT 527 Critical Issues in Matthew. This six-unit CATS seminar, open also to a limited number of master’s students by professor’s approval, consists of a detailed exegetical study of the narrative of Matthew, including an examination of controversial theological, literary, and historical issues that bear upon its interpretation. Those issues include Matthew’s testimony about the law, the nature of divine judgment in Christological key, the import of Old Testament passages, and the force of Matthew’s Gospel relative to the diverse Jewish community of the time of its composition.

NT 545 Biblical Theology of the New Testament. 이 과목은 “복음이란 무엇인가”에 대한 주제에 초점을 맞추고 크리스천 리더들에게 신약성경신학의 기초를 제공하기위해 마련된 과목입니다. 이 과목은 크게 두 부분으로 구성되어 있습니다: 첫번째 부분에서는 예수의 하나님나라 복음을 이해하기 위해 예수님 생애와 사역을 개괄하게 될 것입니다. 둘째 부분에서는 사도들의 복음의 전형적인 예로서 바울서신에 나타난 예수 그리스도의 죽음과 부활의 복음을 다루게 될 것입니다. 이 과목은 크리스천 리더들이 견고한 성경신학적 토대 위에서 교회와 세상에서의 사역을 감당할 수 있도록 돕는 데 그 목적이 있습니다. Taught only in Korean.

NT 556 Jesus, the Church, & Violence. This course will examine violence according to the New Testament, particularly in light of violence against oppressed people in the Americas, and consider how the church is called to understand violence in, among, and against us and others. While the course will deal with the violence of war, it will be concerned to develop for students a self-implicating description of violence that is thicker than what conventionally passes as the activity of war or killing. To that end, we will consider the relation between the God of Israel and violence as borne out in the New Testament drama of Jesus and his church and pursue the question of the social position from which violence is described and contemplated. The principal aim of the course’s theological description and contemporary insight is to promote the Christian life as one of peacemaking by the Spirit of Jesus in and through the church.

NT 560 The New Testament in Its Ancient Contexts. An advanced seminar, open to a limited number of advanced master’s-level students, focuses on specific topics in the study of the ancient contexts of the NT. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

NT 566 Critical Issues in the Study of Paul. This is a seminar for doctoral students which is also offered to a limited number of master’s-level students. This seminar offers an examination of selected topics in current study of the Pauline epistles, including literary, historical, and theological issues. Topics include the nature of Pauline theology; the socio-economic context of the Pauline mission; Paul and the law; Paul and the Gentiles; Paul, ethnicity, and race; Paul and Scripture; Paul as apocalyptic theologian; and Paul and empire. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Old Testament (OT)

OT 500 Introduction to the Old Testament. This course orients students to the literature of the Old Testament in its various literary, historical, and theological contexts and to Old Testament interpretation in service of Christian practice. The books of Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, 2 Samuel, Job, Psalms, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Daniel will be the focus of study.

OT 501 Pentateuch. This online course is a study of the five books of the Pentateuch and their interpretation. It will provide an introduction to (1) the content, structure, and literary forms of these five books, (2) their major theological themes, (3) cultural, geographical, and historical matters which aid understanding, and (4) tools and methods of interpretation.

OT 517 Old Testament Exegesis (Modern text). Exegetical study of the text of an Old Testament book or portions of an Old Testament book in a modern language. Prerequisite: BI500 or NE502; OT500 or OT501 or OT502.

OT 527 Old Testament Exegesis: Writings (Hebrew text). Exegetical study of the Hebrew text of an Old Testament book or portions of an Old Testament book. Prerequisite: LG500, LG502, or LG502A/B; BI500 or NE502; OT500 or OT501 or OT502.

OT 533 Jerusalem: The Bible and Ancient History. In this course we will examine the place of Jerusalem in ancient historical and literary settings, from the second millennium BCE to the second century CE. Attention to the Old and New Testaments is primary. We will also look at other primary sources (e.g. Amarna Letters and Neo Assyrian Annals), archaeological reports, along with literary-historical reconstructions related to the first and second temple periods.

OT 536 Issues in Old Testament Theology. This course will offer an opportunity for the reading and critical discussion of selected literature in the area of Old Testament theology. The majority of the course will be devoted to the analysis of selected themes of the Old Testament and to an exposition of their significance for Christian faith and practice: creation and re-creation; God and the gods; election and the nations; violence and peace. For each topic we will address important theological and hermeneutical issues that have challenged contemporary readers and seek a clear and coherent voicing of the textual witnesses.

OT 544 Prophetic Responses to Trauma. This course will examine the diverse ways in which the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible responds to trauma, attending especially to issues raised by the Babylonian exile. The course will identify some of the theological, psychological and practical concerns raised by this experience and examine the various ways in which the biblical texts respond to these concerns. Special attention will be paid to the books of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Lamentations, as well as parts of the book of Isaiah and the book of Psalms, exploring how these texts represent ancient responses to trauma relevant to the modern world.

OT 550 Human Rights and the Old Testament. This course will examine the diverse ways in which the prophetic literature of the Hebrew Bible responds to trauma, attending especially to issues raised by the Babylonian exile. The course will identify some of the theological, psychological and practical concerns raised by this experience and examine the various ways in which the biblical texts respond to these concerns. Special attention will be paid to the books of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Lamentations, as well as parts of the book of Isaiah and the book of Psalms, exploring how these texts represent ancient responses to trauma relevant to the modern world.

OT551 Old Testament Ethics. This course is an advanced seminar on the content of Old Testament ethics, on method in the study of Old Testament ethics, and on issues raised by setting the Old Testament in the context of Christian faith and vice versa. This seminar is offered to a limited number of master’s-level students. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

OT 554 Ancient Near Eastern and Ancient Israelite Religion. This course is intended to introduce students to the critical study of the religions of ancient Israel and Judah. It is an advanced seminar primarily for doctoral students open on a limited basis to qualified master’s-level students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

OT 560 Women in the Old Testament: Text & Context. This class is a study of the stories of selected women in the Old Testament, including women in the Pentateuch (Eve, Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, Leah and Miriam), the Historical Books (Hannah), and the Writings (Ruth and Esther). Includes examination of literary form and structure, theological content, historical background and significance in the canon of Scripture. Additional investigation into the role and status of women in pre- and post-exilic Israel and in Old Testament Theology.

OT 567 Old Testament Text. This is a study of the book of Leviticus. The course familiarizes students with the book’s overall structure and literary development as well as the major themes found therein, including worship, sin, sacrifice, and holiness. The course also familiarizes students with the book’s literary and theological significance within the broader traditions of the Pentateuch. Development of exegetical skills arise from a focus upon the literary and theological characteristics of the book. The class will explore the book’s role in the Church’s ongoing theological reflection.

OT 568 Food, Famine, and Feasting in the Old Testament. Are we what we eat? Long viewed as secondary to more “spiritual” concerns, the practical and social matters of eating and drinking appear at decisive points in the texts of the Old Testament. In this course we will investigate the dynamics surrounding the material, social, religious, political, and theological aspects of eating and drinking in the Old Testament. Through attention to these details in and behind the ancient texts, we will seek intersections between these texts and our current lives.

OT 569 Old Testament Theology Seminar. This advanced seminar is a study of Old Testament theology looking at both the history of scholarship and contemporary models of theology. Its emphasis is the examination of the role of the biblical text in the task of OT theology, the intertextual dimensions, and influences of Hebrew and Jewish thought as integral to the construction OT theology. This is an advanced seminar primarily for doctoral students open on a limited basis to qualified master’s-level students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

OT 570 Job and Human Suffering. The book of Job will be examined critically from the twin perspectives of its meaning in its ancient context and its continuing significance for the modern community of faith. Lectures will alternate between close exegetical treatment of selected passages of Job and surveys of larger thematic and structural issues, including the place of Job within the contexts of Israelite and ancient Near Eastern wisdom literature. Significant time will be given to discussion of the implications of Job for the theological reflection and praxis of the church: how is suffering consistent with our confessions about God, how can we learn from the suffering of others, and how can we minister faithfully to those who suffer?

OT 573 Theologies of Exile in the Old Testament. This course will examine the diverse ways in which the Hebrew Bible develops theologies of exile in relation to the Assyrian and Babylonian exiles of Israel and Judah. Specific focus will be given to how the biblical texts relate the topic of exile to certain theological and humanitarian concerns, such as the status of the refugee, the pollution of the land, and issues related to divine presence and absence. In addition, the class will consider how the literature of the Persian period offers diverse perspectives on how the biblical writers developed theologies after the exile in the early Second Temple Period. Towards this end, the class will do a close reading of selected texts from the Torah, Prophets, and Writings in order to examine how the biblical texts represent responses to questions about exile, dislocation, and refugee movements for both the ancient and modern world.

OT 576 Experiencing the Land of the Bible. This is an online course of the book of Leviticus. The course will familiarize students with the book’s overall structure and literary development as well as the major themes found therein, including worship, sin, sacrifice, and holiness. The course will also familiarize students with the book’s literary and theological significance within the broader traditions of the Pentateuch. Development of exegetical skills will arise from a focus upon the literary and theological characteristics of the book. The class will explore the book’s role in the Church’s ongoing theological reflection.

OT 581 History and the Old Testament. Rowan Williams said that “good theology does not come from bad history.” And William Faulker wrote, “The past is never dead; it’s not even past.” We continue to live with the histories that we recount. What do we know about the history of the Old Testament and how do we know it? How have the stories of the ancient past been told in recent times, and what’s at stake there? This seminar is intended to ground advanced graduate students in the scholarly conversation about the history of Israel, which is the foundation for every other critical method in Old Testament scholarship. The course begins with a consideration of the sources of data for writing the history of Israel and continues with reflections on methodology. The later weeks involve case studies on specific historical periods and moments, as well as special topics such as social history, and philosophies of historiography.

OT 583 Ancient Near Eastern History, Literature, and Culture. This course is an introductory survey of ancient Near Eastern history, literature, and culture from prehistoric times to Alexander’s conquest. Civilizations singled out for focus include Sumer, Egypt, Hatti, Babylonia, Assyria, Israel, and Persia. Special attention will be paid to the ways in which surrounding cultures impinged on and influenced Israel and Judah, including detailed comparison of biblical and ANE texts during each class session. In addition to historical events and texts, students will be asked to master basic geographical data, and will be briefly introduced to the languages and writing systems of some of the cultures covered.

OT 588 Old Testament Critical Approaches. An advanced seminar primarily for doctoral students open on the 500 level on a limited basis to qualified master’s-level students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

OT 590 Directed Study in Old Testament.

Courses of Study: Theology Division

Theology Division Faculty

  • William A. Dyrness, Dean Emeritus and Senior Professor of Theology and Culture
  • Todd E. Johnson, William K. and Delores S. Brehm Associate Professor of Worship, Theology, and the Arts
  • Robert K. Johnston, Professor of Theology and Culture
  • Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, Professor of Systematic Theology
  • Hak Joon Lee, Lewis B. Smedes Professor of Theology and Ethics
  • Richard J. Mouw, President Emeritus and Senior Professor of Faith and Public Life
  • Charles J. Scalise, Senior Professor of Church History
  • John L. Thompson, Senior Professor of Historical Theology and Gaylen and Susan Byker Professor Emeritus of Reformed Theology
  • Grayson Carter, Associate Professor of Church History
  • Sebastian Chang Hwan Kim, Academic Dean for the Korean Studies Center and Robert Wiley Professor of Renewal and Public Life
  • Daniel Lee, Academic Dean for the Center for Asian American Theology and Ministry and Assistant Professor of Theology and Asian American Ministry
  • Kutter J. Callaway, Associate Professor of Theology and Culture
  • Nathan P. Feldmeth, Senior Assistant Professor of Church History
  • Erin E. Dufault-Hunter, Associate Professor of Christian Ethics
  • Matthew J. Kaemingk, Associate Dean for Fuller Texas and Assistant Professor of Christian Ethics
  • W. David O. Taylor, Director of Brehm Texas and Associate Professor of Theology and Culture
  • James E. Bradley, Geoffrey W. Bromiley Professor Emeritus of Church History and Senior Professor of Church History
  • Howard J. Loewen, Dean Emeritus and Professor Emeritus of Theology and Ethics
  • Nancey Murphy, Senior Professor of Christian Philosophy
  • Cecil M. Robeck, Jr., Senior Professor of Church History and Ecumenics and Special Assistant to the President for Ecumenical Relations
  • Marguerite Shuster, Harold John Ockenga Professor Emeritus of Preaching and Theology and Senior Professor of Preaching and Theology

Church History and History of Doctrine (CH)

CH 504 Modern Church in a Global Context. This course introduces the most important themes and events in the life of the church around the world from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries. Beginning with the post-Reformation period, students will examine the growth and contributions of the church in Europe, Africa, Asia, South America, and Australia/Oceana. Attention will be given to some of the more important historical, theological, and cultural developments that have shaped (or been shaped by) specific regional and global historical contexts.

CH 506 American Christianity in a Global Historical Context. This course analyzes the history and distinctive global roles of American Christianity in order to illumine and facilitate the interpretation of the church in the present generation. Christians from many countries and people groups have come to the United States, making it one of the most ethnically and religiously diverse nations on earth. The class offers an introductory overview of the history of Christianity in America, exploring some of the major persons, ideas, and movements that have shaped Christian faith and practice, both in North America and throughout the world. The course will also involve students in opportunities for more intensive pursuit and presentation of their particular interests in the story of North American Christianity and its global implications.. MDiv core: CHC.

CH 508 Historiography. This is a doctoral seminar open to a limited number of advanced master’s students. The course examines theory and methods in church history and historical theology, intended to facilitate graduate work in the field. Students will be asked to think through issues of structure, pattern, and meaning, as well as proper use of sources and tools, with a view toward the development of their own skills in historiography. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

CH 510 The Making of Global Christianity. Christianity developed in the first century CE at the intersection of three continents and between two empires. The Church’s theology and practice has always developed in the context of local cultures. This course traces its global development focusing on theological and contextual considerations. Early theological controversies are studied in light of linguistic and cultural considerations. The conversion of tribes, nations and empires are studied with one eye toward the Great Tradition and one eye focused on indigenous cultures.

CH 517 Christian Spirituality. This course presents a historical survey of the piety and devotional practices of four of the most important Christian traditions: Eastern Orthodox, Celtic, Roman Catholic and Protestant. “Spirituality” is understood to encompass both the inward activity of the various spiritual disciplines as well as the outward activity of social involvement (see Matthew 6:6 and James 1:27). Through extensive use of primary source material, this course will examine and reflect upon the thought and piety of a number of important figures from Christian history, including St. Antony, St. Augustine, St. Bernard, Julian of Norwich, Martin Luther, John Calvin, George Herbert, Jeremy Taylor and John Wesley.

CH 527 Christianity and Science in Historical Perspective. Scientific development since the sixteenth century has affected nearly every aspect of human culture–including the Christian church. This course will examine both the ancient harmony and modern tension that have developed when Christian theology and scientific inquiry intersect. The scope of study will range from the foundations of Western science in ancient Greece, to recent developments in biology, cosmology, physics, psychology, and medicine.

CH 532 Calvin as Pastor and Theologian. This elective MA course, linked to a separate doctoral seminar, will consider a selection of topics where the task of theology and the tasks of ministry coincide, tracing Calvin’s theology and pastoral practice through what might be called the marks (and quasi-marks) of the church: word, sacrament, discipline, and care for the poor. Calvin left a rich legacy for Christian thought on a myriad of topics — a legacy that survives not just in his Institutes, but also in works of liturgy, catechism, sermons, commentaries, and both civil and ecclesiastical legislation. This course will explore selections from such works in order to come to terms not just with Calvin’s theological legacy but also with the connections between his theology and practice.

CH 533 Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the Problem of Church and State. Church-state relations have been of enormous importance to Christian history and society since the time of Jesus, yet this significance is often overlooked in contemporary scholarship. This doctoral seminar will examine Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s unique contribution to church and state relations in Germany during the 1930s and 1940s, as a way of looking more broadly at those relations throughout the past – from Patristics to the modern era, and from Germany to the United States, Latin America, Asia and Africa. The seminar will appeal to those interested in church history (all periods), theology, Christian ethics, church and state relations (broadly considered), and the life and thought of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Bonhoeffer not only wrote extensively about church and state, his life and ministry during the time of the Nazis were entirely overshadowed by this complex relationship. Consequently, an examination of his engagement with church and state relations opens numerous opportunities for historical, theological, and ethical study over a broad range of engaging topics, diverse methodologies and periods, and widespread locations.

CH547 History and Development of Pentecostal-Charismatic Movements. This course is designed to introduce students to the history of the various Pentecostal, Charismatic, and related global “Movements of the Spirit.” Students will be guided in discussions related to a number of historiographical, theological, sociological, anthropological, and psychological concerns. This is an advanced seminar primarily for doctoral students open on a limited basis to qualified master’s-level students.. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

CH 549 Presbyterian Creeds. This course is designed to enable students to enter into the theological ethos of the Presbyterian tradition. Reformed theology, culture, and tradition will be studied in its historical context and applied to the contemporary church. Special attention will be given to the Reformed confessions.

CH 554 Anglican Church History. This course introduces the principal historical and theological events in the life of the Anglican Church, from its pre-Reformation context in England through recent events affecting the worldwide Anglican Communion. Attention will be given to the most important historical, theological, and cultural developments that have shaped what is now the third largest Christian tradition in the world.

CH 568 History of the African-American Religious Experience. An introduction to the history of religious movements and institutions of African Americans from the period of slavery to the present. Topics in this course will include Christianity in Africa; African religions in America; religion of the slaves; the development of the black church; the rise of black Protestant denominations; the development of religious movements among African Americans outside Protestantism (e.g., Catholicism, Judaism, and Islam); the relationship between religion and culture; race relations in American church life; gender relationships within African American religion; politics in black American churches; religious aspects of civil rights movements; and the modern role of religion in African American life.

CH 575 Women in Church History and Theology. This course of study places special attention on the unique contributions women have made to the Church from the Apostolic period through the mid-20th century. Such advances usually happened despite official impediments to women’s spiritual leadership and active ministry, and those conflicts with the doctrine, traditions, and practices of the Church will also be highlighted.

CH 580 Bonhoeffer: Life and Thought. This course is designed to introduce the student to the life and Christian thought of the German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-45). Bonhoeffer’s principal writings will be examined, with particular attention given to the context in which they appeared. We will also attempt critically to assess Bonhoeffer’s Christian thought and his contribution to contemporary theology, the church, and the life of the believer in the modern world.

CH 590 Directed Study in Church History.

Christian Ethics (ET)

ET 501 Christian Ethics. A foundational course in Christian ethics that studies core Christian ethical vision, values, and convictions (telos, norms, and virtues) shaping and guiding Christian moral agency, decisions, and ecclesial practices. The course discusses the methods of ethical decisions, authority of Scripture, formation of moral agency, norms of love and justice, together with the issues of economic, racial, and ecological justice, the sanctity of life, sexual faithfulness, and violence and peacemaking with special attention to global, pluralistic contexts of Christian ministry today.

ET 513 Perspectives on Social Ethics. An exploration of the relationship between biblical faith and contemporary social and political life, with special attention to current patterns of evangelical engagement with politics in the United States and around the world. The course will survey the diverse forms of contemporary evangelical political engagement as well as the varied content of evangelical views on selected public issues, including human rights, the environment, sexuality and family issues, poverty, church-state concerns, and war.

ET 517 Politics and the Global Church. This course will provide students with an introduction to the important voices and debates surrounding the topic of faith, politics, and cultural diversity in the global church.

ET 520 Biblical and Practical Peacemaking. The way of Jesus in the New Testament and his message of the breakthroughs of the reign of God centrally include the way of peacemaking. We will seek to deepen our understanding of that way and our ability to teach it and model it. We will compare major present-day ethical positions—nonviolence, just war, and just peacemaking—as they relate to overcoming terrorism, preventing nuclear war, peace in the Middle East, and practical peacemaking among church members, including role-playing conflict resolution within churches. And we will study how to begin inward/outward journey small groups in churches with a mission of following Jesus in peacemaking.

ET 521 Sexuality and Ethics. Popular Western culture is highly sexualized; our identities have become hitched to our sexuality, including our sexual practices or “preferences.” Contemporary Western Christian culture is generally muddled about how our sexuality matters for our discipleship; we often unknowingly adopt the assumptions of our broader culture and fail to reflect on the implications of doing so for our life and witness. This course explores our sexuality from a theological perspective and encourages development of an alternative vision for how our sexuality matters for our personal discipleship and communal witness.

ET 522 Christian Ethical Traditions: Liberationist, Evangelical, and Emergent. Developing a strong Christian ethic means being aware of key traditions that influence our approaches to ethics. This is because particular ethical traditions face specific cultural, moral, and political challenges and responsibilities. This course will explore key portions of the Christian ethical landscape, with special focus upon Liberationist (e.g., African-American, Latino/a, and Feminist ethics), Evangelical (including Protestant influences of major Evangelical traditions), and Emergent church perspectives. Students will be invited to engage these perspectives and enter into dialogue in such a way that allows a generous conversation with these traditions in relation to the student’s own background and influences.

ET525 Ethics of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, pastor, theologian, and resistor of the Nazi regime, has been claimed as an ethicist of responsibility, peace, divine command, and more. In this class we will explore Bonhoeffer primarily as an ethicist of formation. Formation lies at the heart of Bonhoeffer’s ethical project and links the realities of discipleship and ethics in his historical context, personal story, and theological writings. We will engage these themes from within our own contexts in order to better practice and understand discipleship and ethics in our life together as Christians.

ET 528 Creation Care and Sabbath Economics. In a time of unprecedented ecological crisis and economic inequality that threaten the sanctity of God’s creation and human life, all Christians are called to the faithful stewardship of creation care and witness to God’s justice. This course studies the theological and ethical grounds and directives of creation care and Sabbath economics that inform our personal and corporate responsibility as the followers of Jesus. The study includes 1) an analysis of the detrimental impact of global capitalism on the ecology and 2) an exploration of appropriate spiritual formation, communal practices, and public policy proposals of creation care and the Sabbath economics in local, national, and global contexts.

ET 533 Christian Discipleship in a Secular Society. This class explores “secular” conceptions of what is suitable and pleasing in various arenas—economics, politics, ecology, sexuality, and ethnicity. We also discuss the importance of having a theology of suffering and evil as it pertains to these subjects. We will develop an explicitly Scripture-shaped vision of the world, so that we might worship God truthfully and participate in Christ’s ongoing work of creating us and all creation anew.

ET 535 The Ethics of Life and Death. This course considers ethical concerns arising at the beginning life (e.g. prenatal screening, abortion, infertility, reproductive technologies, embryonic stem cell research), through chronic conditions and urgent health crises, and finally considers medicalization of our dying process. Given the cultural distance of the biblical world from our biotechnological society, some find it challenging to know how Scripture informs our relationship to medicine and health care. This course investigates secular and religious approaches while assuming that the Scripture and the Christian tradition remain central for living faithfully as embodied creatures.

ET 543 The Theology and Ethics of Martin Luther King, Jr. The aim of the course is to study King’s key theological and ethical motifs and the distinctive characteristics of his spiritual formation and public ministry in shaping our own ministerial and public leadership in today’s religious, cultural and political contexts. In particular, the course focuses on King’s communal and political spirituality and ethics as they are related to his ideas of God, the beloved community, humanity, love, justice, and the mission of the church, exploring his enduring relevance and legacy in the global era.

ET 545 Theology and Ethics in Asian-American Contexts. This course studies emerging theologies and ethics of Asian American Christianity. Using an interdisciplinary approach, it examines distinctive social and historical contexts, cultural heritages and values of Asian American communities in a critical conversation with Scripture and Christian traditions. Major themes and topics include, among others, immigration and transnationalism, legacy and influence of Confucianism, Pan Asian Americanism, racialization and identity development and construction, and intergenerational and gender conflicts.

ET 551 Ethics of Diversity in Unity. Drawing from sociological, biblical, and historical sources, this course first seeks to comprehend differences and interpret them theologically. We will articulate an ethic of diversity that does not mirror secular visions of multiculturalism, relativism, isolationism, nor assimilationism, but rather one that aims at the building up of each member of Christ’s diverse body for shared work and faithful witness.

ET552 Theology in the Public Sphere. This course examines the nature, rationale and methodologies of public theology by exploring appropriate public engagement of theology in contemporary society. It employs biblical, historical, theological and socio-political methodologies to examine theoretical considerations and practical engagement of Christian churches in the public sphere. It will develop a definition of public theology as critical, reflective and reasoned engagement of theology in the wider society. Topics to be covered include the following: biblical and theological concepts of the public sphere; public theology in Christian tradition; methodologies of public theology; issues of public theology including Christian peace-making, ecological crisis, economic justice, and secular politics.

ET554 Wilderness and Earthkeeping. This course will immerse students in a wilderness area of southern Colorado and consider how, by the light of God’s revelation, it teaches Christians to be keepers of the earth as lovers of God and neighbors, particularly as inhabitants of industrialized cities. The nine-day immersion part of the course consists of three days of in-person instruction and acclimation at Sonlight Camp in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, five days of demanding wilderness backpacking in the nearby San Juan National Forest, and one closing day of in-person debrief and instruction back at Sonlight. It will follow several weeks of preparatory reading, online discussion, and other assignments for which the exodus theme of Scripture will be paramount, and students will complete online assignments and a final paper following the nine-day immersion experience. While the course will address the urgency of preserving wilderness areas, it will focus on how the revelation of God in the wilderness challenges the way Christians and others live in industrialized cities, forming them to be keepers of the earth, especially where they live. Finally, the course aims to inspire a fearful love for the wilderness that will serve students throughout their lives as Christians and the generations that come after them.

ET556 Ethics in Reformed Tradition. The moral thought associated with Reformed theology has been one of the dominant influences on the ethical perspectives in the 20th and 21st century evangelical movement. Prominent Reformed thinkers in this regard include, among others, Herman Bavinck, Karl Barth, Emil Brunner, John Murray and Lewis Smedes. Special attention has been given by these thinkers to a command-based ethic, the relationship between morality and general revelations, and the relevance of the Sinai Law to the New Testament call to a life of love. In this course, attention will be focused on the writings of key writings in Reformed moral theology, with attention to the implications of those writings for ethical thought and practice in the present-day evangelical movement.

ET 559 Methods in Christian Ethics. This seminar studies representative methods in Christian ethics in a systematic and comparative way. This employs an analysis of their underlying theological and philosophical assumptions and the essential ingredients that shape each method in a particular way in grappling with specific social issues or concerns. The goal is to help students to sharpen their analytical and synthesizing skills in Christian ethical reasoning through a comparative study of key variables, and to explore their own method in Christian ethics in critical conversations with other methods. This is an advanced seminar primarily for doctoral students open on a limited basis to qualified master’s-level students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

ET 590 Directed Study in Ethics.

History And Theology (HT)

HT 500 The Church’s Understanding of God and Christ in its Historical Development. This course is a survey of patristic theology and early church history that focuses especially on the doctrine of God, including the Christian church’s development of trinitarian and christological theology and creeds in its dialogue with its opponents and with its multiple cultural contexts, including the empires, languages, religions, and philosophies of the ancient Asian, African and European regions. Related topics and themes to be addressed may include the role of the apostolic fathers and apologists, the controversy with Gnosticism, tensions between Eastern and Western forms of Christianity, and selected doctrinal developments that extend through the Protestant Reformation to today.

HT 501 The Church’s Understanding of God and Christ in its Theological Reflection. This course is a survey of systematic and philosophical theology that focuses especially on the doctrine of God, The Trinity, Christology (comprising the person and work of Christ), and the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. The course reflects the historic Christian church’s development of trinitarian and Christological theology and creeds in its dialogue with its opponents and with its cultural context. Related topics and themes to be addressed may include the development and articulation of the Christian doctrine of God including the divine perfections and nature, as well as the doctrine of the Trinity; the development and articulation of the person and work of Christ; and Pneumatology, the person and work of the Holy Spirit.

HT 502 The Church’s Understanding of the Church, Humanity, and the Christian Life in its Historical Development. This course is a survey largely of medieval and Reformation history and theology that focuses especially on the doctrines that received their crucial shape for Protestant Christians during this period. Among these are the doctrine of the church (including the authority and office of the ministry, sacraments, the place of councils, and the role of the laity), the doctrine of scripture (including the place of tradition), theological anthropology (including human nature as created and fallen, and original sin), and the doctrine of the Christian life (including the entire order of salvation—election, calling, faith, justification, sanctification, and final glory). Key figures to be studied include Aquinas, Luther, and Calvin.

HT 503 The Church’s Understanding of the Church, Humanity, and the Christian Life in its Theological Reflection. This course is a survey of systematic and philosophical theology that focuses especially on revelation and scripture; creation and providence; theological anthropology (human identity and nature, the image of God, the fall, sin, and evil), soteriology (the election, calling, justification, regeneration, and sanctification of the Christian), and ecclesiology (the ministry and mission of the church). The course reflects the historic Christian church’s development of these doctrines in dialogue with its opponents and with its cultural context. Related topics and themes to be addressed may include the development and articulation of the inspiration and authority of scripture, God’s work in creation, human persons in relation to God, and the place of the church in the purposes of God.

HT 504 Modern Theology in a Global Context. This course is a survey of systematic and philosophical theology that focuses especially on the articulation of Christian doctrine in the modern world. The course reflects the historic Christian church’s development of eschatology in its dialogue with its opponents and with its cultural context, including the current global diversity and plurality. It also considers recent constructive theologies, including theologies of liberation, public theology, and contextual theology. Related topics and themes to be addressed may include the development and articulation of the Christian doctrine of the four last things (death, judgment, heaven, and hell), the intermediate state, so-called “contextual” theologies, and the place of theology in contemporary public life; the relation of Christian theology to other religious traditions may also be included in this consideration.

Philosophy (PH)

PH 504 Christian Worldview and Contemporary Challenges. In some sense, everybody has a worldview, more or less self-conscious and coherent. The different worldviews have a major impact on our values and actions. Do Christians also have a specific worldview? Or do they usually and easily adopt the world’s worldviews, just adapting them to the gospel or also adapting the gospel to them? To answer these questions we will have to explore what a worldview is exactly, if there is such thing as a worldview previous to modernity, and if postmodernism is or is not a worldview. These questions will guide us to a more comprehensive question about the relationship between Christianity and its context, not just in the past, but also in our postmodern context.

PH 505 Theories of Human Nature. A variety of questions have been dealt with in philosophical discussions about human nature, such as questions about the “composition” of a human person, about the “essence” of humanness, about human destiny, and so on. On each of these issues, several philosophical perspectives have been developed. These perspectives have an important bearing on Christian discussions of human nature; different Christian accounts of human nature can be attributed, in many cases, to the influence of different philosophical perspectives. A careful examination of the philosophical questions is crucial for an adequate theological understanding of the human soul and the nature of the afterlife, as well as for the development of a proper Christian perspective on the human sciences. In this course, various philosophical theories will be examined, and the implications of philosophical investigation for theological, cross-cultural and social scientific discussion will be explored.

PH 510 Christian Apologetics. This course explores the major challenges that Christianity faces in North America in the beginning of the twenty-first century. The approach is to develop an apologetic framework by (1) surveying the way Christians have defended the faith throughout the history of the church; (2) proposing three models—Classical, Modern, and Postmodern—that have been used to defend the faith; and (3) developing a pastoral strategy for defending the truth of Christianity and thus commending the faith to unbelievers.

PH 512 Christianity and Western Thought. This course is designed to provide an historical introduction to ways in which Christianity and Western thought have influenced each other.

PH 522 Perspectives on Christ and Culture. The Christian community has long debated the appropriate ways for Christians to relate to their cultural surroundings. This course will focus on some key perspectives, beginning with a critical examination of the motif made popular by H. Richard Niebuhr in his classic study, Christ and Culture. Special attention will be given to “cultural mandate” theories, as well as to the contemporary relevance of traditional notions of common grace, natural law, and general revelation as they have been used to discern created commonalities that undergird a plurality of cultures. The present-day interest in multiculturalism will also be explored.

PH 529 Philosophy of Spirituality. This course explores vital perennial questions relevant to Christian spirituality, including theories of the nature of persons (physicalism v. dualism), divine action, and religious experience. Recent developments in science and Western worldview changes are considered with respect to challenges and opportunities that these pose for the spiritual life of Christians and the Church.

PH 590 Directed Study in Philosophy of Religion.

Theology (ST, TH)

ST 510 Introduction to Black Theology. This course is designed to introduce students to the nature of theological study, developing a structure of divine revelation as fundamental to understanding how African Americans have developed a systematic theology in America. This course will trace the development of African American theology along with its African origins. This course will also bring Womanist thought and theology to the center of the discussion and understanding of African American/Black Theology.

ST 511 Orientation to Theological Studies. This course prepares beginning theology students for seminary studies. It introduces them to the academic environment and ethos of Fuller Seminary, with particular focus on developing skills of research and writing necessary to participate and thrive in this environment.

ST 525 Pneumatology: Contemporary Trends and Developments. This doctoral seminar, open to advanced master’s level students, is designed to investigate and discuss critically current pneumatologies, doctrines of the Holy Spirit, with particular focus on new approaches and orientations. The course offers a critical study of the doctrine of the Spirit from some leading theologians—Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant, including evangelicals—as well as pneumatologies of Pentecostal/charismatic movements. Furthermore, Feminist, Liberationist, “Green,” and political views of the Spirit as well as emerging pneumatologies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America will be carefully assessed. The course will also include a comparative theology aspect with an investigation of the Spirit in Islamic traditions.

ST 528 Invitation to Analytic Theology. This course provides an overview of one of the most important recent developments in theology, namely, analytic theology. This is an approach to theology that borrows ideas, concepts, and methods from analytic philosophy. The course begins with an introduction to the history and nature of analytic theology and then examines core Christian doctrines as they have been recently discussed by analytic theologians. This course is intended to provide students with the resources for developing their own evaluation of the fruit of analytic theology as it pertains to Christian faith, practice, and ministry.

ST 529 Theological Method. This doctoral seminar, open to limited number of advanced master’s level students, is designed to investigate and discuss critically competing methodologies and approaches in contemporary systematic/constructive theology including their philosophical, hermeneutical, and cultural ramifications. Approaches to be studied include mainline Protestant and Catholic, post-liberal, postmodern, Radical Orthodox, postmetaphysical, post-colonial, canonical-linguistic, and various types of Liberationist and other “contextual” or “global” theologies, as well as Evangelical responses and constructive proposals. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

ST 530 Karl Barth and Evangelicalism. An Analysis of Karl Barth’s theology as a constructive paradigm for evangelical theology, with an emphasis on his understanding of the Word of God, the Trinity, Incarnation, Salvation, Worship, Ethics and Ministry. Particular attention will be given to the continuing relevance of Karl Barth’s theology for evangelical theology and praxis.

ST 538 Ecclesiology: Current Trends Worldwide. This doctoral seminar, open to a maximum of five advanced master’s level students, studies ecclesiastical traditions and developments at the international and ecumenical level as well as ecclesiologies of some leading contemporary theologians. Special topics include mission, unity, communion, Eucharist, charisms, and the ministry of the whole people of God.

ST 544 Asian American Theologies. This course critically engages methodologies and approaches in Asian American theologies covering representative theologians and key issues. It will explore their operating philosophical, political, and cultural presuppositions as well as their existential and pastoral concerns. Students will be tasked to integrate the key insights and lessons from these theologies for their understanding of their own identity, theology, and ministry.

ST 555 Teología de la Comunidad Latina. This course introduces the student to the major themes and specialized disciplines that deal with U.S. Latino(a)/Hispanic communities. The approach is practical and intends to forge a critical environment for interpreting religious practices, culture, ministry models, and social structures that so far have shaped the contours of Latino living. The end product is a critical ecclesiology for churches whose constituency is the Latina community or whose intention is to embrace such a community and issues at some point. Taught only in Spanish.

ST 557 Eastern Orthodox Theology. Orthodox and Protestant Christians often reveal a mutual ignorance of each other’s tradition. This course will introduce students to Orthodox theology through a survey of the principal theological vehicles which have shaped its present identity. This course will survey the origins and development of the apostolic, primitive church, pursuing the western and eastern trajectories from a historical, theological, and practical perspective. Key topics will include comparative views of the creation, fall, free will, salvation, the doctrine of God, the apophatic tradition, ecclesiology, sacramentality, Christology and pneumatology, the theology of the icon, spiritual life and eschatology. Included will be an evaluation of the areas of convergence and divergence.

ST 563 Creation, Providence, and Kingdom Discernment. This course will focus on the ways in which theologians, especially those in the Reformed- Presbyterian tradition, have understood and debated about God’s unfolding purposes in history: in creating the world, in the workings of divine providence in our fallen creation, and in the calling of Christians to discern and align ourselves with, the goals of the coming Kingdom in our present patterns of discipleship.

ST 564 Contemporary Christology. This is a 6-unit seminar designed for PhD and ThM students in the CATS program, also offered at the 500-level as a 4-unit course open to five MDiv/MA students by written permission. It is a critical examination of some of the central themes in contemporary philosophical-theological accounts of Christology, with an emphasis on articulating and defending a constructive theological understanding of the person of Christ.

ST 572 Bonhoeffer: Life and Thought. This course is designed to introduce the student to the life and Christian thought of the German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-45). Bonhoeffer’s principal writings will be examined, with particular attention given to the context in which they appeared. We will also attempt critically to assess Bonhoeffer’s Christian thought and his contribution to contemporary theology, the church, and the life of the believer in the modern world.

ST 574 Theology of C.S. Lewis. This course surveys a wide range of C. S. Lewis’s theological and imaginative writings, with a view to major themes, including apologetic, theological, and spiritual.

ST 578 The Shape of Liturgical Theology. This is a doctoral level seminar, open to a limited number of advanced master’s level students by special permission. The phrase Lex Orandi/Lex Credendi, attributed to the fifth-century monk Prosper of Aquitaine, has both described and defined the task of liturgical theology. This task is to define the relationship between the Law of Prayer (Lex Orandi) and the Law of Belief (Lex Credendi). This seminar will survey the history of this relationship and the contemporary expressions within the Christian churches today. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

ST 574 Theology of C. S. Lewis This course surveys a wide range of C. S. Lewis’s theological and imaginative writings, with a view to major themes, including apologetic, theological, and spiritual.

ST 582 Evangelical Perspectives on Women’s Theologies. This course will provide an introduction to feminist theology, including contextualized feminist perspectives such as womanist, mujerista, Asian American and those outside North America and Europe. The course will consider traditional Christian doctrine through the lens of feminist theologies, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of feminist method and theology.

ST 588 Theology of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This course is designed to introduce students to Christian theology developing outside the contexts of Europe and North America. The focus will be on the breadth of Protestant, Indigenous, and Roman Catholic theological voices in three major areas of the world: Asia, Latin America, and Africa. In addition to a survey of Christian theology, this course will emphasize women’s theologies, liberation theologies, and “contextual” christologies from these areas.

ST 590 Directed Study in Theology.

TH 515 Wesleyan Theology. This course will examine the theological distinctives of Wesleyan theology beginning with its initial developments in John Wesley’s contributions and continuing through contemporary expressions. Topics will include sanctification, free will, social action, as well as additional themes. Throughout the quarter we will explore the particulars of Wesleyan theological method and see how this develops distinctive theological priorities and is expressed in local and global ecclesial patterns.

TH 517 Eschatology. This doctoral seminar will discuss eschatology, the doctrine of “last things” in an interdisciplinary matrix of theology, sciences, and religious studies (particularly Islam). The domain of contemporary eschatology includes the “end” and destiny of personal and communal life as well as our planet and the whole cosmos. Topics include scientific predictions of the near- and far-future of human life, our planet, and cosmos; the Christian and Islamic theology of death and resurrection of the body; millennial views; the judgment and hell; the nature of heaven, the new heaven and new earth; and the implications to current life of eschatological hope.

TH 522 Augustine as Believer, Pastor, and Theologian. While Augustine can justly be claimed to belong to many strands of the Christian tradition in the West, he is of special significance to Protestants. A hundred years ago, B. B. Warfield wrote that “it is Augustine who gave us the Reformation”—a claim seemingly ratified by Calvin himself when he exclaimed that “Augustine is all ours!” This class will focus on selected topics in Augustine that have proved to be of special interest also to Protestants and their heirs: biblical interpretation, ecclesi­olo­gy, sacraments, church/state, politics/ethics, and the doctrines of justification, predestination, and free will — all within the context of Augustine’s calling as a pastor and bishop. For those who seek to serve the diverse and pluralistic culture of the twenty-first century, Augustine can prove to be a fruitful dialogue partner in considering the origins and shape of Christian theology, culture, politics, and ethics today.

TH 536 Theology of Jurgen Moltmann. This doctoral seminar (open to a maximum of five advanced master’s level students) studies the constructive theology of Jürgen Moltmann in the context of contemporary theology at the international and ecumenical levels.

TH 540 Trinity: Theological Explorations. This is a 6-unit seminar designed for PhD and ThM students in the CATS program, also offered at the 500-level as a 4-unit course open to five MDiv/MA students by written permission. It offers a critical engagement with key themes and texts in the development of the doctrine of the Trinity.

TH 542 Theology and History of Black Evangelicalism in America. Evangelical Protestantism has played a vital role in shaping American history, culture and religion. It is estimated that some 25-35% of the American population (c. 70-100 million) today identifies with this movement. Far from being a monolithic entity, however, the religious, ideological, and social allegiances of evangelicalism are quite diverse. Black evangelicalism is a very important expression of the evangelical tradition and is also variegated. Black evangelicals can be found among Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal denominations, Anglican and other traditions. This course offers a sympathetic but critical exploration of both the history and theology of Black evangelicalism in the United States. Locating the roots of black evangelicalism in the black religious experience in the United States, the course further traces its development in the revivalism of the 18th and 19th centuries, and its current expressions in America. The course also engages students in discussions of contemporary works of constructive theology authored by black evangelicals especially as they deal with pressing issues for its churches and ministry (race relations, the role of women in the church, homosexuality, biblical authority, etc.).

TH 543 Theology of Mission. In this course, students will be introduced to the theology of mission from an evangelical Protestant perspective. Through a survey of key contributors who left a lasting impact on 21st century missiology, students will explore Trinitarian perspectives on the missio Dei, the reign of God, and contextual theology.

TH 546 Theological Anthropology. This seminar is designed to study theological anthropology, the doctrine and understanding of human beings in Christian perspective, from a philosophical and theological perspective, including relevant biblical and historical, as well as scientific views. The focus will be on the meaning and significance of the image of God in Christian tradition and in relation to contemporary evolutionary worldview, the questions of identity and “self,” the competing views of the nature of human nature in light of tradition and contemporary sciences, as well as the complex network of questions related to sin and Fall. The cultural and “global” conditioning of these issues will be carefully considered. The seminar is interdisciplinary in its approach and will welcome some Fuller colleagues from SIS and SOP to enrich the learning experience.

TH 550 World Religions in Christian Perspective. The purpose of this course is twofold. First it will provide an overview of the world’s major religions–Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, and Sikhism (time permitting)–focusing on their emergence and history, core beliefs and practices, religious texts and interpretations, as well as contemporary influence and expressions. Second, this course introduces various approaches on how Christianity relates to other religions and religious pluralisms, technically known as the “theology of religions.” We will critically discuss Catholic and Protestant proposals and responses and attempt an outline of an Evangelical approach and briefly touch on the nature of interfaith dialogue. Explorations in comparative theology will also be attempted.

TH 553 Race, Religion, and Theology in America. What is the relationship between theology and race? How does our understanding of racial identity and experience of racism inform and shape our theological traditions, religious institutions and religious practices? In this course students will engage in critical theological reflection from the perspectives of African American, Asian American, and Latino/a and Native America theologies, as a critique to racialized hegemonic Euro-American theologies. Students will gain new theological perspectives that challenges the notion that ‘white theology’ is normative and supra-contextual.

TH 559 Theologies of the Holy Spirit. This course will examine scriptural, historical, and theological themes related to pneumatology, the study of the Holy Spirit. Throughout the course, our study will be attentive to elements of orthodoxy, orthopraxy, and orthopathy in coming to terms with a holistic understanding of the work of the Spirit in our lives, our contexts, and throughout the world.
TH 569 The Doctrine of the Atonement. This course is an elective course focused on the doctrine of atonement. It offers a critical engagement with key themes and texts in the development of the doctrine in Christian theology.

TH 573 Theology of Anselm of Canterbury. Anselm of Canterbury was one of the fountainheads of western theology and a father of medieval scholasticism. His thought has also been very influential upon Protestantism. This course requires students to read through almost all his major texts in translation. It offers a chance to engage with the philosophical and theological issues Anselm’s work raises, from the existence and nature of God through the doctrines of Trinity, Incarnation and Atonement, to the vexed question of divine foreknowledge and human freedom.

TH 577 Sacraments and Sacramentality. This doctoral seminar is open to a limited number of master’s level students by special permission. The word sacrament is a term that conjures up images of sacred objects and sacred actions. The theology of those ecclesial rites known as sacraments has been one of the most divisive theological topics in the history of the church. In the last century, however, there has been a great deal of convergence between traditions using as a starting point for discussion the concept of “sacramentality,” that is, the general question of how God is present in the world. This seminar will take up the question of sacramentality and then explore specific expressions of God’s presence in the world commonly referred to as sacraments (or ordinances). This seminar will explore the history of sacramental theology, as well as models of the relationship between the doctrine of God and sacramentality. After defining various models of sacramentality, these models will be applied to specific rites, practices, and concepts, such as Baptism, Eucharist, Ministry, Word, Prayer, Church, and our experience of God extra ecclesia.

Theology And Culture (TC)

TC 500 Theology and Culture. This course is an introduction to contemporary culture, its philosophies and practices, and the challenges and opportunities it presents to effective Christian ministry and mission.

TC 511 Theology and Hip-Hop Culture. This course is an introduction to the basic issues of a Christian interpretation of hip hop culture. Its purposes are to briefly introduce students to the major theological and biblical perspectives that have been developed in approaching hip-hop culture and to develop in the student a practical and biblical wisdom whereby cultural artifacts may be understood and engaged. The purpose in the broadest sense is to develop a hip-hop cultural literacy. A major part of the course will focus on particular cultural “texts” in order to practice strategies of reading and interpretation that are informed by Christian perspectives.

TC 512 Theology and Media Culture. The course will investigate a theology of culture by focusing on a particular area: theology and media culture, with an emphasis on television and new social media. The course will (1) view, discuss and analyze various forms of mass media (2) examine its affects upon culture, (3) provide the student methodological perspectives for engaging culture drawn from the fields of cultural studies, social sciences and anthropology (4) explore theological and biblical responses and perspectives on media culture and (5) provide contextual approaches for engagement between church and culture.

TC 515 Understanding Popular Music (South by Southwest). The course will investigate some of the social, ethical, and psychological implications of popular music upon theology, and in turn seek a theological engagement with the diverse and varied contours of popular music. We live in an age where popular music provides a “soundtrack” to our lives; this course will explore the theological implications of this cultural artifact, including an immersive exposure to the live music experience at the South by Southwest Festival. The course will explore the relationship between music makers and their audiences from a phenomenological and theological perspective.

TC 516 Theology, Worship, and Art. This course is an introduction to Christian reflection and practice in the visual arts. The major emphases will be (1) the actual practice of viewing and making art in the context of prayer and meditation, focusing on art and character (with support of Mako Fujimura); (2) the historical and theological context of art and faith; and (3) the role of the arts in the wider community and in worship. By lectures, discussions, art projects and museum visits, students will engage with significant examples of art as a way of developing a critical appreciation and a Christian appropriation of this dimension of life—with respect to its value for worship and witness.

TC 519 Topics in Theology and the Visual Arts. This course examines significant artists, putting their work into dialogue with theological issues.

TC 521 Theology and Contemporary Literature. This course will explore significant literary works, inviting theological dialogue with these works.

TC 530 Theology and Film. This course will consider one particular aspect of a theology of culture, theology and film. The course will view and discuss selected films, provide the student the critical skills helpful for film interpretation, and explore possible theological approaches to film criticism.

TC 531 Postmodern Theology, Film, and Youth Culture. Seeking to introduce students to the theological and social dimensions of the forces that shape contemporary human culture, this course will engage postmodernity theologically by studying one of adolescents’ primary sources of meaning: the movies. This course will investigate some of the social, ethical, and psychological implications of postmodern film upon theology, and in turn seek a theological engagement with these movies.

TC 533 Theology and Television. This course will consider a theology of culture by focusing on one of the most pervasive cultural forms in the Western world: Television. It will engage the technologies, narratives, ideologies, and ritual practices of hyper-modern culture through the lens of television as a contemporary form of life. The course will provide students with a set of analytical tools for critical understanding and sympathetic engagement with the medium of TV (with an emphasis on American television), but it will also address a number of contextual approaches to the medium in order to develop a constructive theology of TV–one that will enable Christian leaders to articulate and demonstrate the Gospel in ways that are meaningful to modern persons inhabiting a mediated world of rapid techno-cultural change.

TC 540 The Arts in Worship. This course is an introduction to Christian reflection on and the practice of the arts in worship. By lectures, discussions, and conversations with artists, students will discover ways in which the different media of art open up and close down liturgical, communal, theological, formative and missional possibilities for a given congregation in corporate worship.

TC 541 Vocation of the Artist in Biblical, Historical, Theological, and Contemporary Perspective. This course introduces the student to biblical, theological, historical and contemporary models for the vocation of an artist and offers a vocational model that seeks to encompass a broad range of professions, stations of life and cultural contexts. With this broad perspective in mind, students will explore examples within the arts where artists have expressed or articulated their sense of calling; the virtues, practices and spiritual disciplines (both individual and communal) of an artistic vocation; the biblical, theological and spiritual contours of a mature human life; the aesthetic dimension of an artist’s calling; the practical conditions of a flourishing artist; and the mission of a believer artist in light of God’s mission in the world.

TC 542 Liturgy and the Arts.

TC 549 Theology of General Revelation. This doctoral seminar, also open to a limited number of advanced master’s level students, is designed to investigate and discuss biblically, traditionally, culturally and constructively a theology of general revelation. After considering the aesthetic impulse, the religious impulse, and the moral impulse, the class will then turn to a phenomenological description as well as to liberal Protestant, Reformed and Roman Catholic approaches to the topic. The course will conclude by considering the usefulness of pneumatology and of wisdom as possible constructs for a theology of general revelation. Each week, the course will also consider relevant biblical texts.

TC 550 Theology of Sport and Fitness. From the Olympics, to the World Cup, to the weekly golf outing, sport captivates and enthralls. Few aspects of human culture have been so consistently present throughout history as sport. It has a pull on our lives, whether we are participants or spectators, which is often impossible to describe. It is no wonder then that discussion of sport has entered into religious and theological conversations. Running alongside sport is the recent surge of fitness and fitness culture, which are showing a tremendous influence on how we live our lives and perceive human thriving. This course will look at sport and fitness historically, ethically, culturally, and theologically—with detailed attention to the place of the body—all through a Christian lens. Where is God in these activities? What is God up to when we pursue sport and fitness?

TC 551 Theology and Theatre. This course explores the theological meaning of the event known as theatre. Theatre occurs, in part, when one tells the story by manifesting—incarnating—the story. As Christian disciples we are invited to tell the story of the gospel by embodying it in our daily lives. This course will explore three theological categories that define the theatrical event: Incarnation, Community and Presence. These three categories will be developed in light of their theological corollaries: Christology, Trinity and Sacramentality. Using these three categories, this course will explore the history of theatre and its relationship to the Church, as well as the current issues existing between theatre and the Christian faith. We will do this against the backdrop of prevailing cultural narratives and a developing culture of sensationalism.

TC 555 Soul Force: The Music of the Civil Rights Movement. The music of the African American experience has been and continues to be a sustaining force in the struggle for equality, justice, and existence in a world riddled with oppression, racism, and sexism. During the Civil Rights Movement, the music of the movement served as the spiritual sustenance for the people who participated in the movement. It was the music that kept them marching, made prison bearable and served as the soul force to keep hope alive. In this course we study the music of the Civil Rights Movement and how it functioned as the social, psychological, communal, spiritual and theological foundation for the movement.

TC 560 Theology and Culture Seminar. This is a CATS doctoral seminar, open to a limited number of master’s level students by permission of the instructor. This seminar is designed to encourage students to develop an intentional and critical methodology for interpreting and engaging cultural products (i.e. literary texts, films, music, etc.). In the broadest sense the course is designed to develop cultural literacy from a Christian perspective. The approach will be, first of all, to focus on particular cultural “texts” and develop strategies of reading and interpretation that are informed by biblical and theological perspectives.

TC 562 Dante’s Comedy: Art and Theology. This is a 4-unit seminar for master’s students, also offered at the 800-level as a 6-unit course open to a limited number of PhD level students (course limit including doctoral students is 20). The seminar will read Dante’s Divine Comedy and explore its relation to fourteenth- and fifteenth-century art and theology. Student preparation and discussion will focus critical attention on the themes and characteristics of Dante’s work as an expression of the medieval figural imagination and its consequent understanding of theology.

TC 564 A Theology of Beauty: From Dionysius the Areopagite to the Dove Campaign for Real Beauty. This course explores how different eras of history and how specific cultural contexts have informed theological ideas about beauty. Beginning with ancient Hellenistic views of beauty, the course reviews Patristic, Medieval, Reformed, Enlightenment, twentieth and twenty-first–century construals of beauty (Global South, secularist, contextualist, popular, etc.). The goal of the course is a clearer theological understanding the role of beauty in the theoretical and practical work of the church, whether in academic or ecclesial, liturgical or missional contexts.

TC 565 Worship and Culture. This doctoral seminar is open to a limited number of master’s level students by special permission. This class will explore the relationship of cultures, their values, symbols, and rituals to Christian worship. It will explore national and ethnic cultures, as well as generational, class, artistic, and technological cultures. We will focus on gaining an understanding—leading to an application—of theories of culture and worship. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

TC 567 Theology in a Post-Secular World. In the late-modern West, atheism, secular humanism, and/or naturalism are now “live options” in ways that they have never been before. While the United States remains one of the most religious of Western countries, a significant (and growing) minority of the population is not simply abandoning religious practice or religious institutions under the guise of being “spiritual but not religious,” but consciously self-identifying as atheist/humanist/naturalist. This class explores the historical development of this (largely Western) phenomenon, and investigate the intellectual sources that fund the contemporary cultural imagination—sociological, psychological, philosophical, and, ultimately, theological. Although the broader concerns of the course have to do with the cultural significance of atheism, it will focus in particular on aesthetics. That is, it will take up the question of whether and how the aesthetic impulse imbedded within a/theism might prove instructive for developing a constructive Christian theology in the late-modern world.

TC 568 The Cultures of Modernism. The rise of industrial modernism and its subsequent offspring offered a challenge to traditional culture and notions of beauty. This seminar will explore the ways in which the development of cultures spawned by this movement dispersed through a broad range of social and poetic practices that make everyday life meaningful and even spiritual. The seminar will explore ways of thinking about these spaces as loci theologicae—that is places where God is present and active.

TC 581 Worship, Theology, and the Arts Touchstone. This course is the introductory course for all students entering Worship, Theology, and the Arts (WTA) concentrations at the master’s level. This course introduces the students in the WTA concentration to the methodology that will undergird their theological study of Christian worship, along with narrative, performing, and plastic arts. Beginning with Augustine’s philosophy of language and learning as introduced and developed in De Magistro and De Doctrina Christiana, and his assertion that all we have to communicate with are signs, words, and gestures, this course will explore methods of exegeting signs and gestures to supplement the exegesis of words. The course will be divided into modules, each one focusing on the exploration and/or application of this method to Christian worship and two art forms. One module will also focus on the writing and guest lecture of Dr. Cecilia González-Andrieu.

TC 588 Engaging Independent Films. The course will engage postmodern storytelling, public discourse, and globalization theologically by studying one of our primary, culture shaping forces: the movies. This course will investigate some of the social, religious, aesthetic, ethical, and psychological implications of international, independent film upon theology. It will in turn seek to engage in a theological dialogue/critique with these movies in order to explore the kind of Gospel demonstration and articulation demanded by fiercely “glocal” contexts that are increasingly defined by a “spiritual-but-not-religious” ethos.

TC 591 Theology and Arts Capstone Cohort. The master’s project is an integrative and culminating portion of the MA-WTA, MA-WMM, and MAT-TA degree programs. It provides students the opportunity to carefully and reflectively integrate their course work with their particular areas of artistic, ministerial, and/or cultural interest. The incorporation of applied fine and worship arts, course work, research, spirituality, and theological reflection lead to the development of a summative thesis or project (which will be undertaken in the Winter quarter).

TC 592 Theology and the Arts Project Cohort. Building upon the theoretical foundation provided by the Theology and Arts Capstone course, this project cohort is designed to nurture the development of the students’ summative master’s projects. The master’s project is an integrative and culminating portion of the MA-WTA, MA-WMM, and MAT-TA degree programs. This project affords students an opportunity to carefully and reflectively integrate their course work with their particular areas of artistic, ministerial, and/or cultural interest.

Courses of Study: Ministry Division

Ministry Division Faculty

  • Mark Lau Branson, Homer L. Goddard Professor of the Ministry of the Laity
  • Scott Cormode, Hugh De Pree Professor of Leadership Development
  • Mark A. Labberton, President and Professor of Preaching
  • Richard V. Peace, Professor Emeritus of Evangelism and Spiritual Formation and Senior Professor of Evangelism and Spiritual Formation
  • Steven C. Argue, Associate Professor of Youth, Family, and Culture
  • Tod Bolsinger, Associate Professor of Leadership Formation
  • Kurt N. Fredrickson, Associate Dean for Professional Doctoral Programs and Associate Professor of Pastoral Ministry
  • Oscar Garcia-Johnson, Academic Dean for the Center for the Study of Hispanic Church and Community and Associate Professor of Theology and Latino/a Studies
  • Ahmi Lee, Assistant Professor of Preaching
  • Kara E. Powell, Vice President of Leadership Formation and Associate Professor of Youth and Family Ministry
  • David W. Augsburger, Professor Emeritus of Pastoral Care and Counseling
  • William E. Pannell, Professor Emeritus of Preaching
  • Marguerite Shuster, Harold John Ockenga Professor Emeritus of Preaching and Theology and Senior Professor of Preaching and Theology

Apprenticeships (AP/FE)

AP 500 Theology and Ministry Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 501 Church or Organization Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units

AP 509 Full-Time Clinical Pastoral Education. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 510 Half-Time Clinical Pastoral Education. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 511 Part-Time Clinical Pastoral Education. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 517 Chapel Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 546 Hospital Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 548 Hospice Chaplain Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 556 Correctional Institution Internship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 557 Special Site Apprenticeship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

AP 567 Senior Care Internship. Credit: 0 or 4 units.

FE 561 Leadership I: Foundations for Incarnational Youth Ministries. Practicum in the basic methods of evangelistic youth outreach, emphasizing the development of personal relationships with young people through relevant forms of group ministry. A portion of the course focuses on the recruitment, training and ongoing enabling of volunteers for outreach ministries to youth. Offered only for Young Life staff. Credit: 4 units.

FE 562 Leadership II: Building Resources for Incarnational Youth Ministries. This course is designed to build the skills of people in youth ministry as well as their ability to train others in the areas of discipleship, adult ministry, camping, and fundraising. Offered only for Young Life staff. Credit: 4 units.

FE 570 Campus Ministries Practicum. Practicum for first-year InterVarsity staff in the basic skills of college campus ministry. It emphasizes the history and basics of InterVarsity ministry, fund development, campus strategy, developing students on campus, inductive Bible study, small group leadership and strategy, and new student outreach. Offered only for InterVarsity staff. Credit: 4 units

FE 571 Campus Ministries Practicum II. This practicum course for second-year InterVarsity staff builds on the basic skills in FE570. It covers the content areas of developing a philosophy of ministry, campus evangelism, conference planning and administration, basic caregiving skills, stewardship of life, cross-cultural ministry, and multiethnicity. Offered only for InterVarsity staff. Credit: 4 units

Counseling (CN)

CN 504 Family Therapy and Pastoral Counseling. The individual-in-family-within-community is the focus of study in the pastoral care and counseling of families. Family systems theory, theology, and therapy will be integrated as the student explores his/her own multigenerational family system and applies learning to one’s own role in his/her family of origin and to family ministry.

CN 524 Family Dynamics of Addiction. The course is an examination of the family system with specific reference to the factors influencing substance abuse/dependence, addiction, and the process of recovery.

CN 535 Grief, Loss, Death and Dying. The nature of human suffering, the problem of theodicy, the meaning of pain, the mystery of healing, and the discovery of hope will be theological and experiential themes central to the course. Grief, pain, loss, separation, death, and dying—the major crises of life—will be explored experientially, psychologically, culturally, and theologically. The focus will be on personal growth as the preparation for a ministry of pastoral presence, care-giving, and counseling.

CN 546 Familia Hispaña e Identidad Cultural. This course will explore the psychological issues affecting Hispanic families in the United States, within the context of pastoral ministry. Students will learn about acculturation stress and its impact on self-identity. The concept of immigration and family dynamics will be explored in detail as it pertains to families of origin and the church family. Students will be challenged to understand their own family dynamics by articulating the behavioral scripts from their cultural heritage through the study of the life of Joseph as an immigrant. The focus of the class will be interactive and applied to ministry Taught only in Spanish.

CN 553 Pastoral Care and Abuse. This class seeks to provide a comprehensive introduction to abuse—sexual, emotional, physical, and spiritual. Several approaches to understanding abuse from a theological perspective will be explored. The class will also explore practical tools and skills needed for helpful pastoral responses to those who have been abused.

CN 557 Pastoral Care and Addictions. This course explores all aspects of pastoral care for people struggling with addictions. In addition to providing theological and biblical perspectives on the addictive process, this class will help participants develop the understanding and skills needed by pastors and others who seek to help individuals and families impacted by addiction.

CN 558 Sex and Love Addiction: Recovery and the Church. This course will address sociocultural, biological, neurobiological and spiritual factors related to the etiology, treatment and recovery of sex and love addiction. In addition, the course will explore the impact sex and love addiction has on the individual, family, church and society and the particular role the church can play in recovery from addiction. The course will also examine current typical counseling strategies used in the sex and relationship addiction counseling field, as well as alternative interventions. Specific issues of sex and relationship addiction will be reviewed and learned through class projects that expose a full spectrum of these issues in this field.

CN 560 Pastoral Counseling Across Cultures. This course will examine major issues in cross-cultural pastoral counseling. The interface of psychological anthropology, pastoral care, and counseling and transcultural theological reflection will be explored, and an appreciation of what is universal, cultural, and individual will be achieved.

CN 567 Spiritual Formation and the Twelve Steps. This class provides an introduction to the twelve steps of Alcoholics Anonymous as a model for Christian spiritual formation. It will include an examination of common twelve step practices and twelve step culture with particular emphasis on spiritual disciplines. The class will also explore helpful pastoral responses to Christians who could benefit from the twelve step process as well as pastoral responses to spiritual seekers who practice the steps and who seek an increased understanding of the connections between twelve step process and Christian spiritual traditions.

CN 568 Theological and Pastoral Perspectives on the Contemporary Family. This course in practical theology acknowledges the multiple patterns of family life now embedded in the culture of the Global North, and explores some key questions in relation to ministry and mission with diverse family styles.

CN 590 Directed Study in Counseling or Psychology.

NOTE: Certain courses in the School of Psychology & Marriage and Family Therapy are open each quarter to qualified theology students.

Communication (CO)

CO 500 Communication. This course is designed to develop communication skills, especially in the preparation and delivery of spoken messages. Attention will be given to speaking situations frequently encountered in ministry: speeches to persuade and to inform, self-introductions, sharing of Christian experience, and biblical messages. Emphasis will be placed on the creation of original material for delivery, writing for the ear instead of for the eye. Questions about voice, gesture, nonverbal communication, and speech anxiety will be considered. The course will use videotape recording. Enrollment is limited to ten students.

CO 510 Speech and Thought. This course explores the interrelationship between speech and thought in the context of public speaking skill development. It provides students with resources and opportunities that will enhance their abilities to think through and craft, well-structured speeches. Through weekly self-evaluation, and peer and instructor critique, students improve their public speaking skills and become more effective in ministry.

CO 514 Communication: Theory and Practice. This course is designed to provide students with an overview and understanding of communication theory and its applications. Topics for consideration include intrapersonal communication, interpersonal communication, media ecology, and public speaking. This course should assist students in developing multiple communication skills for effective ministry practice.

CO 521 Ethnic Identities in the Media. This course will consider and reflect upon the portrayals of ethnicity, race and religion that have been communicated through the media. It will provide the opportunity to examine the ways in which media has communicated and cultivated racial subjectivity in the modern Christian social imagination. Participants will be expected to convey a playfully orthodox ecclesiology within contemporary contexts of personal, social, and cultural change through written word, speech, and visual media.

CO 522 Narrative-Communication in a Visual Age. This course explores why narrative (story) moves people in ways that lecturing or preaching didactically often does not. It will equip students to create and deliver narrative lessons and sermons that aim to capture imaginations with who God is and what God is up to, utilizing beautifully-designed digital slides to enhance the narrative.

CO 590 Directed Study in Communication.

Denominational Polity (DP)

DP 504 Reformed Worship. This course will explore the theology and practice of worship in the Reformed tradition. Special attention will be paid to the ways in which the distinctives of Reformed theology have contributed to historic patterns of worship. The course will develop an overview of current liturgical forms and models and provide a reflective introduction to the voices that advocate more contemporary styles of worship. Specific focus will be given to the structure of the Sunday worship service, the sacraments, hymnody, weddings, funerals, and the place of children and youth in worship.

See also CH 549 Presbyterian Creeds.

DP 516 Anglican History and Polity. This course is designed to enable Anglicans and non-Anglicans alike to reflect upon the history of Anglicanism and the evolving polity of Anglican churches and the Anglican Communion. Its subject matter will include an overview of Anglican history from the Reformation with a particular interest in the various patterns of church government found within Anglicanism. It will cover areas such as the break with Rome and the birth of autonomous Anglican churches outside England, the roles of bishops and synods in Anglican decision-making, the relationship of Anglican churches with secular political structures, and the evolving structures within the Anglican Communion to nurture relationships between Anglican churches. The focus will be on the Episcopal Church (USA) and the Church of England but these will be located within the wider growth of the Anglican Communion. Attention will also be given to the evolution of the Instruments of Communion and the history of at least one non-Western Anglican province.

DP 590 Directed Study in Denominational Polity.

Evangelism (EV)

EV 500 The Art of Evangelism. The aim of this course is to communicate a vision for evangelism based on the paradigm of spiritual pilgrimage. In this light, the variety of ways in which people start moving toward Jesus will be considered (Quest); as will the nature and character of conversion (Commitment); and the subsequent process of spiritual growth (Formation). All this will be placed in a biblical and historical context. This theoretical foundation will then provide the background for a multifaceted discussion of how one goes about planning and executing a viable, on-going, church-based program of evangelism.

EV 514 Urban Evangelism. In this course we will examine evangelism from a historical and a contemporary perspective. We will rely heavily on perspectives from Scripture to inform our inquiry. Various strategies in urban evangelism will also be considered in addition to visiting local ministries that are doing what we are studying.

EV 519 Evangelism entre Hispanos. This course is designed to equip church leaders to develop effective evangelistic strategies for their church’s distinctive ministry context. The course focuses seeks to emphasize that evangelism is through conversion rather than by transfer, thus establishing a “culture of evangelism.” Therefore, the class will provide a theological basis for evangelism and for the communication of the gospel in contemporary Hispanic culture. It will provide tools with which each student can develop evangelistic strategies so that they can plan personal, cell-group (small group) evangelism, and massive scopes appropriate to their own context. We will also consider the incorporation of new converts.

EV 525 Contemporary Culture and Evangelism. The aim of this course is to look at evangelism from the point of view of those who are being evangelized. In order to do this it is necessary to engage in audience analysis: who is it we are trying to reach and what do we need to know about them and their personal environments? Then it is important to know how to express the gospel in words, images, and actions that will communicate the gospel accurately to such subcultures. A special emphasis in this course will be on reaching Boomers, Gen X, and Millennials. In addition, the course will explore evangelism in various ethnic subcultures.

EV 527 Biblia, Contexto, y Post Modernismo. A course to read the Bible for mission commission as mandated by Christ. A careful study of the biblical method of contextualization for preaching addressing cultural, gender and race barriers for preaching the gospel. Principles for intercultural communication and diversity approaches will be examined. Taught only in Spanish

EV 532 Recovery Ministry in the Local Church. This course will examine the theological foundations of recovery ministry as well as the personal dynamics of recovery and practical considerations for developing recovery ministries in the local church.

EV 543 Conversion and the Process of Change. This class examines the phenomenon of conversion from seven different vantage points: biblical, theological, historical, psychological, sociological, anthropological, and experiential (personal documents). The goal of this extended study of conversion as a species of Christian transformation is to develop a nuanced understanding of the ministry of evangelism since how one views conversion determines how one does evangelism.

EV 559 Evangelism in Context: St. Patrick as Model. St. Patrick’s life, work, and ministry changed Ireland more than any single person in history. Never straying far from his humble roots as a slave in his beloved country, he was able to integrate his insightful pragmatism, strategic thinking, relational savvy, and authentic love for people to bring about lasting transformation in the name of Jesus Christ. In this course, we will examine the key aspects of Patrick’s life, faith, and ministry, and, using this as a lens, we will explore how the life of St. Patrick of Ireland can teach us what evangelism in our culture and context can be.

EV 590 Directed Study in Evangelism.

General Ministry (GM)

GM 518 Introduction to Urban Studies. The purpose of the class is to challenge each student’s perspective of the city and to encourage engagement in solutions for various social disparities and injustices. The instructor will expose the class to a wide variety of topics, theories, and methods that relate to the field of urban studies and to a wide variety of urban issues and related solutions. Students will be encouraged to interact with professionals who represent public and private organizations including local government and non-profit agencies. Such persons will be guest lecturers who, along with the instructor, will integrate social responsibility and Christianity from various points of view involving community partnerships, demographics, faith-based and social capital, local politics, poverty, public art and music, and social services.

GM 527 Ministry and Culture. With life and people changing so rapidly, it is easy for leaders in the church to find themselves answering questions no one is asking. This course, which will include training and experience in both secular and theological/biblical research and analysis, will teach the student to dive deeply into the reality of both global and local contemporary experience in order to help them to navigate the complexities of faith in any context and to form a theological and pastoral response.

GM 535 Supervision and Organizational Leadership.

GM 538 Ministrando en un Mundo Diverso e Interconectado. Examination of key aspects of human diversity, racism, intergenerational conflict and global migrations that are currently shaping the local church and its members will be studied. Social science approaches will be balanced and compared with biblical narratives and pertinent theological readings for securing approaches to ministry with a diverse global population. Theories of social sciences, biblical narratives, and theological readings will be explored in order to identify emergent models for addressing the needs of the local congregation and its individual members. Each student will work in developing a personalized model for dealing with a particular need they are currently facing in ministry. Taught only in Spanish.

GM 539 Religious Fundraising. The purpose of this course is to teach students about raising money in religious organizations. It will focus on churches, nonprofits, and religious social service organizations.

GM 554 Leadership and Diversity: Gender, Multicultural, and Ethnicity. Students will be challenged to consider how cultural and gender issues relate to effective Christian leadership, especially in congregations. Students will articulate the ways in which they have been formed as leaders and will be introduced to central themes in leadership theory. We will examine leadership in relation to issues of ethnicity, culture, gender, and postmodernity. Students will become more fully aware of self and context and will thus become more effective leaders in churches and other organizations.

GM 590 Directed Study in General Ministry.

Integrative Studies (IS)

IS 500 Practices of Vocational Formation. This course teaches students a method for integrating resources of theological method into faithful responses to the human condition. As an integrative course, it explores the identity and practices of Christian vocational formation as a people called, gathered, and sent by God. Together, professor and students study and enact historic Christian disciplines necessitated by this distinctive identity (listening, discernment, guidance, lament, rhythms of rest, and stewardship) fashioning them into a Rule of Life that shapes and supports the student’s vocation in order to form students who demonstrate capacities to cultivate a theologically reflective practice of Christian discipleship.

IS 501 Practices of Worship. This course is an integrative course that explores the identity and practices of Christian worship and prayer as a people called, gathered, and sent by God. Together, professor and students study and enact historic Christian disciplines necessitated by this distinctive identity (Sabbath-keeping, confession, praise, communion, enacting the prophetic, gathering & sending, prayer, and reading & proclaiming the Word) in order to form students who demonstrate capacities to cultivate a theologically reflective practice of Christian discipleship.

IS 502 Practices of Community. This course is an integrative course that explores the identity and practices of Christian community as a people called, gathered, and sent by God. Together, professor and students study and enact historic Christian disciplines necessitated by this distinctive identity (hospitality, forgiveness, promise-keeping, truth-telling, gratitude, and testimony) in order to form students who demonstrate capacities to cultivate a theologically reflective practice of Christian discipleship.

Leadership (LD)

LD 500 Leadership. The course teaches students to engage organizational change in congregations and other organizations. The course will specifically address ways to engage the context within which the organization exists.

LD 515 Presbyterian Polity, History, and Leadership. This course is designed to assist in preparing students for pastoral leadership within the Presbyterian Church USA context. This course will help equip students to pass the Presbyterian Polity ordination exam, educate them on Presbyterian History, and train them in pastoral leadership for Presbyterian churches.

LD 516 Women in Christian Leadership. After exploring a variety of theological and social contributions of women on behalf of the mission of God in the world, this course will address the intersection of contemporary and contextual leadership models with women’s experience and development. The goal of the course is to reflect critically on the effects of gender identity and the women’s ways of leading God’s people for transformation and mission.

Pastoral Ministry and Theology (PM)

PM 504 Pastoral Ministry. This course is a survey of pastoral ministry, focusing on the ideas, skills, and personal development necessary for a student to learn various aspects of pastoral care. This is not a course in pastoral counseling. The course prepares students to give care both in congregational contexts and in contexts that go beyond the congregation (e.g. nonprofit organizations).

PM 514 Missional Church and Leadership. This is a practical theology course that engages biblical, theological, and practical matters in ecclesiology and leadership. The work of lay and clergy leadership is explored in regard to fostering an environment in which all participants are to be formed into an interpretive community that is engaged with God personally and corporately in congregation formation, spiritual formation, and missional formation. Working from a praxis-theory-praxis perspective, the course will attend to topics as they are integrated in a practical theology methodology with an emphasis on missio Dei.

PM 537 Migration and Transnational Identities. This online course introduces migration theory and transnationalism as tools for understanding ministry and mission among migrant communities. The course will place migration within a global context and will help students use Practical Theology (PT) and missiology to address specific ministry contexts.

PM 544 Asian American Contexts and Missional Leadership. This is a practical theology course that engages biblical, theological, and practical matters in ecclesiology and leadership in Asian and Asian American contexts. The work of lay and clergy leadership is explored in regard to fostering an environment in which all participants are to be formed into an interpretive community that is engaged with God personally and corporately in congregational formation, spiritual formation, and missional formation. Working from a praxis-theory-praxis perspective, the course will attend to topics as they are integrated in a practical theology methodology with an emphasis on missio Dei.

PM 545 Research Methods in Practical Theology. At the 500-level, this is a 4-unit course available to a limited number of students as approved by the professor. This seminar introduces students to a wide range of social science research methods in order to prepare them to work with these methods within a practical theological or intercultural studies modality. Students will become familiar with major research protocols, methods, and strategies so they can proficiently analyze and critique the design, implementation, results reporting, interpretations, conclusions, and limitations of any social science research. There will also be training on the Schools of Theology/Intercultural Studies Human Subjects Review processes. In addition, each student will design and implement a qualitative research project and present their results to the class.

PM 549 Learning Communities: Practical Theology and Christian Education. This is a doctoral seminar offered to a limited number of master’s level students as approved by the professor. The seminar engages methods of practical theology with a focus on Christian education in relationship with studies in learning organizations and communities of practice. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

PM 556 Practical Theology Methods. This is a doctoral seminar for all PhD students in Practical Theology and is offered to a limited number of master’s level students as approved by the professor. The seminar will introduce students to recent studies of practical theology with a focus on ecclesiology and mission in a Western context. The hermeneutical implications of a praxis-based theology of ministry will be considered in an integrative, interdisciplinary manner, with attention to matters of leadership appropriate to participation in God’s mission in both the church and the world. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

PM 559 Fundamentals of Chaplaincy. This course provides an overview of the nature and history of the chaplain’s identity, purpose, and functional roles. You will examine the biblical and theological foundations of a ministry of presence comprising the core of chaplaincy ministry. You also will review the various types of chaplaincy and explore the commonalities, distinctives and expectations of military, health care, public safety, correctional, sports, campus and disaster relief chaplains. Additionally, the course will develop biblical-theological knowledge, skills and abilities for ministry leadership in chaplaincy. Supplemental areas of expertise will be introduced at a basic level focusing on specialized skills in pastoral, caregiver and emotional/spiritual support for a chaplain. The emphasis is to develop a basic understanding of how chaplaincy impacts organizations with the Gospel message in military, institutional and organizational communities.

PM 567 Cultural Theory, Epistemology, and Theological Praxis. At the 500-level, the 4-unit course is offered to a limited number of master’s level students as approved by the professor. This is an advanced and interdisciplinary theology seminar that addresses representations of culture, the production of global designs, the multiple expressions of modernities and colonialities, and the popular mediation of environmental ethics. With attention to epistemology and praxis, matters of theology and methodology will be engaged in the study of “the land” (Gaia/Pachamama), politics, economy, subjectivities, and religions. The hermeneutical implications of a decolonizing-praxis for theology, ethics, and ministry will be considered in an interdisciplinary manner, with attention to the potential participation of the Church in God’s mission within hegemonic global designs.

PM 590 Directed Study in Pastoral Ministry and Theology.

Preaching (PR)

PR 500 Homiletics. This course introduces students to the theology and practice of preaching as an integrating focus that draws from and informs the whole Master of Divinity curriculum. Preaching is taught and learned within an extended conversation between students and the professor which is shaped by the calling of the church to proclaim the Word of God in service of God’s mission. Preaching is addressed as an act of congregational worship, and as a means by which the diverse gifts and ministries of God’s people bear witness to God’s reign in and for the world.

PR 501 Preaching in the African-American Tradition. This course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to examine cultural nuances and traditions associated with the formulation and development of the African American preaching style. Special attention will be given to the historical, psychological, and communal relationships that helped develop and shape the method and practice of preaching in the African American tradition.

PR 509 Evangelistic Preaching. Evangelism begins with a message—that message is the Gospel. The proclamation of this message, of this Gospel is the defining characteristic of every disciple and every church of Jesus Christ. This course will explore and encourage experimentation with both proven and innovative approaches in this foundational calling through the preparation, delivery and reflection of gospel-centered sermons. The objective in this course is not the perfection of individual sermons. It is to afford students insights, skills and guidance in the practice of this demanding and yet fruitful task.

PR 511 Preaching Practicum. This course is designed to offer the maximum possible practical experience in preaching and sermon preparation. The class will be limited to a maximum of nine students. Each student will preach twice during the quarter. Sermons are to be original work not previously presented for credit in homiletics or other speech and preaching classes. Each sermon will be evaluated and discussed by class members under the direction of the instructor. All sermons will be recorded.

PR512 Preaching Practicum. This course is designed to provide an opportunity for students to practice preaching in a classroom setting and receive constructive feedback in classroom discussion and evaluation as supervised and structured by the teacher. The required reading will focus on methods of sermon development, preparation and delivery, as well as the purpose and goal of preaching. Prerequisite: PR500.

PR 517 Preaching for Occasions. PR517 is designed as a 4-unit practicum in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons in a classroom setting. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self – assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class. This course will emphasize preaching for funerals, weddings, and holidays.

PR 521 Predicando en un Contexto Multicultural. PR521 está diseñado como un curso de práctica de predicación. Consta de 4 unidades y da seguimiento al curso PR500 en la secuencia de cursos requeridos de predicación. El curso ofrece a los/as estudiantes la oportunidad de trabajar los niveles de competencia de “Desarrollo” y “Perfeccionamiento” mediante la preparación, la predicación, el escuchar, responder, y evaluar sermones durante el transcurso de la clase en línea. Los instructores conducen a los/as estudiantes a través de los siguientes pasos: evaluación de la experiencia previa de predicación; establecer metas personales para la clase; preparación y predicación de sermones; recibir retroalimentación sobre los sermones y participar en la autoevaluación; elaboración de planes específicos para el crecimiento y la mejora continuados; reflexionar sobre la experiencia personal durante la clase; establecer metas para el aprendizaje continuo y el crecimiento en la predicación después de terminada la clase. El énfasis será en entender la comunicación intercultural para predicar en un contexto multicultural.

PR 522 Preaching Practicum: Mark. This course is designed to give students practical experience writing and delivering exegetical sermons. Attention will be given to preparation method, preaching style, the use of the voice and body and discussion of a practical theology of multi-media use in preaching. Each student will prepare two sermons from the gospel of Mark. Each sermon will be evaluated and discussed by class members under the direction of the instructor. Class size will be limited to nine students.

PR 523 Creative Preaching. This four-unit course is designed to deepen the theological insights of preaching students and to sharpen the creative skills that relate to their homiletical work. Special attention will be given to creativity in the use of language, development of the sermon’s form, and issues relating to drama and performance in preaching. Issues relating to media use in proclamation will also be addressed.

PR 524 Preaching Without Notes. This preaching practicum is designed to give students experience in preaching messages that are delivered with minimal or no reliance on manuscript or notes. Enrollment will be limited to eight students. Each will preach two sermons during the course. All sermons will be videotaped. Some of the sessions will include lecture and discussion; other sessions will involve preaching and class feedback.

PR 525 Foundations of Biblical Preaching. This course is designed to give a general introduction to the theology of Christian preaching and to the art and craft of sermon design and delivery. We will discuss such matters as the nature of preaching, the character and spiritual formation of the preacher, and principles of sermon construction and delivery. It will help the student develop skills in preparing for the task of preaching and for the development of different types of sermons. This course is specifically designed for MA students. It does not require the specific coursework in biblical languages and exegetical method that are prerequisites for the PR500 Homiletics class.

PR 528 Preaching in the Traditions. Both St. Augustine and Karl Barth are held dear in many circles of Western Christianity. But their approaches to preaching are radically different. This course will use these two shapers of the homiletical tradition as a sort of foil for ourselves by exploring what may be their encouragements and critiques of the student’s own preaching. Prerequisite: PR500.

PR 532 Transformational Preaching in Asian American Contexts. PR532 is designed as a 4-unit practicum in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons in a classroom setting. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self-assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class. Using a particular narrative approach with an eye towards Asian American’s cultural proclivities, students will learn to craft and deliver sermons that move listeners—especially Asian Americans—towards deeper gratitude to God and away from moralism. This will also include learning to design and preach with key digital slides.

PR 535 Preaching the Bible as Scripture. This course provides opportunities for practicing and reflecting upon preaching from Scripture as a unified witness to the God of Israel that finds its center in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Integrating biblical, theological, and pastoral exegesis, this course cultivates habits of reading, thinking, and speaking appropriate to building up communities of disciples in the service of God’s mission. Prerequisite: PR500.

PR 536 Preaching Faith, Hope, and Love. PR536 is a 4-unit practicum in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons, with a particular emphasis on the skills of storytelling, metaphor, and personal witness to form vibrant communities of disciples marked by faith, hope, and love. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self – assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class.

PR 538 Preaching as Leadership. This class is designed as a 4-unit elective in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. This course focuses upon preaching as an exercise in congregational leadership. Students will theologically reflect on various pastoral situations and practice preaching that effectively shapes the congregational culture in light of what God through the Scriptures is saying and doing. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons (on this topic) as a class. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self-assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class.

PR 539 Preaching Literary Forms. This course will relate preaching to the variety of literary forms found in the Bible. It will focus on rigorous exegesis for preaching and effective delivery of sermons based on the unique styles and functions of diverse biblical genres. The course is designed as a 4-unit practicum in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons in a classroom setting. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self – assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class.

PR 540 Preaching Wisdom Literature. PR540 is designed as a 4-unit elective in preaching that follows PR500 in the sequence of required preaching courses. This course focuses upon preaching and biblical Wisdom Literature. The course provides students with an opportunity to work the “Developing” and “Mastery” levels of competence by preparing, preaching, listening to, responding to, and assessing sermons on biblical Wisdom Literature as a class. Instructors lead students through the following steps: assessing one’s prior preaching experience; setting personal goals for the class; preparing and preaching sermons; receiving feedback on sermons and engaging in self – assessment; making specific plans for continued growth and improvement; reflecting on one’s experience during the class; setting goals for continued learning and growth in preaching after completion of the class.

PR 590 Directed Study in Preaching.

Spirituality and Spiritual Direction (SP)

SP 500 Spiritual Traditions and Practices. Spiritual practices emerge out of spiritual traditions which, in turn, often emerge from the life and experience of spiritual pioneers. In this course we will examine several taxonomies of spiritual traditions. We will then explore the lives of a number of spiritual pioneers in the contemplative tradition from the 3rd to 16th centuries (Antony & the Desert Fathers and Mothers, Patrick of Ireland, Benedict of Nursia, Hildegard of Bingen, Francis of Assisi, Clare of Assisi, Julian of Norwich, Ignatius of Loyola, Teresa of Avila, and St. John of the Cross) and the spiritual traditions they founded (or influenced). Within these various traditions, spiritual practices will be examined and often experienced with an eye to their use in the lives of disciples of Jesus and in the church today. In addition, these traditions will be set in conversation with contemporary spiritual traditions from the worldwide church. All this will be set in the context of the broad sweep of the history and theology of Christian spirituality.

SP 526 Anglican Spirituality. Spiritual practices emerge out of spiritual traditions, which, in turn, develop under distinctive historical conditions. In this course we will explore the history and nature of Anglican spirituality. This diverse body of traditions embraces active, contemplative, and “mixed” forms of spirituality, as well as apostolic and monastic spirituality, drawn primarily (but not exclusively) from the Western (Roman Catholic) and Protestant traditions. The spiritual practices of each tradition will be examined through both primary and secondary readings, class lectures and online discussions, with an eye to their application in the contemporary church. In addition, these traditions will be set in conversation with both ancient and contemporary spiritual traditions from the worldwide church.

SP 536 Monasticism(s) Old and New. This course will examine the history, theology, and practice of Christian monasticism. Through this course we will gain a sympathetic understanding of Christian religious life both past and present. We will grow to appreciate the character and contributions of religious life to the advance of personal sanctification, Church community, and Christian mission. We will explore and experiment with a few distinctive elements of monastic practice.

SP 590 Directed Study in Spirituality.

Missions (TM)

TM 507 Ethnicities and Churches.

TM 522 Homelessness, Congregations, and Community Partnerships. Students will study the extent, causes, and complexities of homelessness. Instruction will focus on the efforts made to end homelessness in the United States during the past three decades and into our current decade. Lectures will describe how evidenced-based best practices were implemented during the past decade that has significantly reduced homelessness which is a reversal of the limited success of reducing homelessness in the 1980s and 1990s through emergency assistance and a sequence of programs that moved people through a continuum of care system. More importantly, instruction will help students explore what best practices and what ancient and contemporary spiritual practices can be integrated together to further individual and congregation formation for community service to help end homelessness during this decade and beyond.

TM 528 Asian American Identity and Ministry. This course, designed for both Asian Americans and non-Asian Americans, teaches practical theology method for the task of constructing local theologies in Asian American contexts, which will be framed as the interaction of four key layers, the Asian American Quadrilateral: (1) Asian religious and cultural heritages, (2) Migration/post-immigration experience, (3) American culture, and (4) Racialization. Drawing upon historical, theological, ecclesial, biblical, and social science perspectives, this contextual engagement will serve gospel faith and praxis for Asian Americans.

Worship Studies (WS)

WS 514 Music as Theological Expression. This course is intended to be a survey of how music has been used in the church and as art as a means of declaring the message of God in the world and an expression of faith. Students will be guided through historical periods, trends, styles, controversies, and varieties of musical media from past to present. The course will aid the student to consider the theological issues relating to the use of music in worship and the world at large.

WS 515 Worship Leadership: Formation and Skill. This course will be an interactive experience for planning, leading, administering, and evaluating corporate worship, particularly from the standpoint of the musical leader. There will be personal and group experiences, including journaling of worship experiences, creating materials for corporate worship, principles for working with volunteers, all combined with an emphasis on spiritual formation and pastoral and theological principles of worship leading. Students will be encouraged in the use of a wide spectrum of worship styles and resources, in addition to evaluating their use for specific purposes within sacred settings. Maximum benefit for this course will be received by the student who is an active music worship leader in a regular worship setting.

WS 518 Worship Ministry on the Lord’s Day. This course explores both the practical and theological dimensions of worship leadership and examines issues relating to the planning and implementing of worship on the Lord’s Day (Sunday or Sabbath) in various Christian traditions. A significant part of the course will be devoted to the actual practice of worship leadership and the careful theological planning of worship on the Lord’s Day. Students will be given opportunity to participate in the planning process of all-seminary chapels, will be exposed to the worship life of an actual congregation, and plan worship for that church. Further, the course gives opportunity to develop skills in the public reading of Scripture; leading in prayer, extempore and prescribed; application of pastoral care to worship; musical selection and leadership.

WS 519 Worship Ministry in the Seasons of Life. This course will explore both the practical and theoretical dimensions of worship leadership. It will examine issues relating to the planning and implementing of worship on the feasts, fasts, and other holy days of the Christian calendar across various Christian traditions. It will also explore the creation and use of pastoral rites throughout the life cycle. This course will focus on ways Christian worship can be adjusted and adapted to specific times in the life of a church and the life of its people. Special attention will be paid to the rites of marriage and burial across Christian traditions.

WS 523 Anglican Liturgy and Worship. Why is liturgy important and how do Anglicans practice it? What principles of worship underlie Anglican liturgy and how are these relevant for all traditions within and outside Anglicanism? By considering the Anglican liturgical tradition and experience, with examples from around the Anglican Communion, the course will enable both Anglicans and non-Anglicans to discover a greater understanding of their own experience of worship and communal life of faith.

WS 540 History of Worship & Preaching.

WS 541 Theology and Worship.

WS 552 Preaching and Worship: Hermeneutics.

Youth, Family, and Culture (YF)

YF 500 Foundation of Youth Ministry. This course provides the foundational concepts and best practices to prepare the student for ministry to the young in both a church and non-church setting in any context. The course will provide a basic understanding of adolescent development, contemporary culture, and historical and contextual models of youth ministry thinking and practice. The course is designed to help the student to think and respond theologically to the needs and expectations of the young and their families in a church or organization, and provides practical tools enabling the student to design a theologically sound youth ministry program suitable in any context.

YF 501 Introduction to Youth Ministry. This course gives an overview of contemporary culture, especially as it affects youth ministry, and provides historical and theological youth ministry concepts and grounding. In addition, a broad spectrum of ministry programs and issues will be addressed, such as “youth ministry as practical theology,” the changing family, organizing a ministry program, missions and service, and ministering in a multi-cultural, multi-contextual world.

YF 502 Leadership in Youth Ministry. The purpose of this course is to teach students the calling, roles, and responsibility of Christian leadership in any context, but especially youth ministry. Issues discussed include the meaning of being a Christian leader; how to develop a volunteer leadership program, how to recruit, initiate, train, nurture, and care for volunteer leadership; the necessity for encouraging people in their giftedness, even if that may mean helping them to move on from youth ministry; and how to lead, equip, and best utilize interns and paid staff. The graduate will understand an approach to practical theology, leadership philosophy and theology, and various models and approaches to leadership necessary for engaging in leadership in youth and family ministry.

YF 503 Evangelism, Justice and Emerging Generations. This course explores the biblical mandate to “so I send you” (John 20:21) and to “be (Christ’s) witnesses” (Acts 1:8), especially as it relates to adolescents and emerging/young adults. Historical, ecclesial, biblical and theological perspectives of witness will be explored as expressed in corporate and personal acts of gospel proclamation and justice. Through readings, lecture, projects, and discussion, students will learn how to articulate and pass on to others a well-formed theology of witness as well as design and implement a contextual and relational ministry strategy that takes seriously Christian care, justice and evangelism.

YF 504 Introduction to Family Ministry. This course presents an analysis of the current understanding and “modes” of “family ministry” over against a theological, sociological, and developmental understanding of contemporary culture. Various models of family ministry will be examined, and through the use of case studies, lectures, and research, students will learn how to create a family ministry program and/or strategy that best suits the needs and vision of a given church or ministry organization.

YF 514 Youth Ministry Leadership and Community Development.

YF 518 Ancient-Future Discipleship. This class will look at the tenets of the Apostles’ Creed focusing on its historical development and its theological affirmations. Students will then apply these affirmations to their life and ministry.

YF 519 Adolescent Faith Longevity. This course is designed to help students understand the dynamics of long-term faith development among adolescents. This course will weave together theological reflection and social science research in a Practical Theology approach that will primarily focus on 3 contexts: the adolescent’s family, the youth ministry, and the overall congregation.

YF 520 Family Systems and Youth Ministry. This course provides the foundational concepts of family systems theory and its necessary integration in youth ministry praxis. Through readings, lectures, discussion, and projects, students will develop a systemic lens by which they will consider, evaluate, and develop effective ministry to youth and their families.

YF 521 Youth and Family Ministry in a Culture of Digital Relationships. This course provides a background to the psychosocial, technological and spiritual reasons for the almost universal adoption of the Internet and social media among adolescents. The course will provide an understanding of adolescent social media use, theological implications for youth and family ministry and historical and contextual responses of the Church to mediated communication. This course is designed to help the student think theologically about social media concerns and practices of youth, families and Christian communities, providing practical tools to enable the student to design a theologically informed social media strategy in a local ministry context.

YF 522 Emerging Adult Spirituality and Ministry. This course will seek to understand the unique opportunities and challenges evident in the emerging adult stage of life [ages 18-29]. Specifically, we will explore emerging adults’ experiences regarding their faith journeys, spiritual struggles, and relationships with the church. Together, we will reimagine ministry that is good news to emerging adults and attempt to answer one of the biggest questions asked in churches today–“Where have all the 20-something’s gone?”

YF 523 The Youth Minister as Person.

YF 533 Youth Ministry in Practice.

YF 590 Directed Study in Youth, Family, and Culture.

Doctor of Philosophy and Master of Theology Courses

The following classes and seminars are offered in support of the School of Theology’s Doctor of Philosophy and Master of Theology programs, through the Center for Advanced Theological Studies. Unless otherwise noted, all seminars are offered for 6 units of credit. Selected classes or seminars may be made available to a limited number of advanced master’s-level students by permission of the professor as a 4-unit 500-level class.

New Testament

NT 801 New Testament Research Methods. This is a seminar in which participants explore through readings, practice, and critical discussion the range of methods employed in contemporary New Testament study. The entire research process will be discussed, modeled, and practiced.

NT 823 Critical Issues in Luke-Acts. This seminar comprises an examination of classical and contemporary study of Luke-Acts. Participants will work with selected texts drawn from Luke’s narrative and with representative secondary studies of the Lukan material.

NT 824 Critical Issues in John. This seminar introduces students to perennially challenging and important issues in the study of the Gospel of John, including the socio-historical contexts in which the Johannine tradition grew; the Gospel’s presentation of Jesus in its historical and theological dimensions vis-à-vis Judaism, the Roman empire, and early Christianity; and recent developments in the study of the Gospel.

NT 825 Biblical Theology and Theological Hermeneutics. An exploration of the development and current status of modern “biblical theology,” and the contemporary recovery of a theological hermeneutics in relation to the biblical theology movement.

NT 826 Advanced Greek. This seminar combines close reading of the Greek text of the Apostolic Fathers together with exposure to critical issues in the interpretation of this corpus of early Christian literature, including its significance for understanding the New Testament.

NT 860 The New Testament in Its Ancient Contexts. This seminar focuses on specific topics in the study of the ancient contexts of the New Testament.

NT 866 Critical Issues in the Study of Paul. This seminar offers an examination of selected topics in current study of the Pauline epistles, including literary, historical, and theological issues. Topics include the nature of Pauline theology; the socio-economic context of the Pauline mission; Paul and the law; Paul and the Gentiles; Paul, ethnicity, and race; Paul and Scripture; Paul as apocalyptic theologian; and Paul and empire.

Old Testament

LG 806 Advanced Hebrew Grammar. This course investigates the morphology and syntax of Biblical Hebrew. Its approach is largely synchronic, but includes diachronic elements. Grammatical study will be enhanced by relevant reading from Old Testament texts. 2 units.

LG 833 Beginning Ugaritic. This course, the first of a two-course sequence, introduces the language, literature, and culture of Ugarit, a Late Bronze Age city-state on the coast of the Mediterranean whose language was in the same cultural stream as Hebrew. Special attention is given to the ways in which the study of this material has profoundly informed and improved the study of the Old Testament. 2 units.

LG 834 Ugaritic 2: Special Topics. This course, the second of a two-course sequence, delves deeper into the language, literature, and culture of Ugarit, giving special attention to the ways that Ugaritology affects the study of the Hebrew Bible. Weekly seminar discussions on selected topics will expose students to the growing literature on Ugarit. 2 units.

LG 835 Beginning Akkadian. This course is the first of a two-quarter sequence, introducing students to the Akkadian language. Additionally, this course surveys the history and literature of ancient Mesopotamia, giving special attention to the ways that Assyriology affects the study of the Old Testament. 2 units.

LG 836 Advanced Akkadian. This course is the second of a two-quarter sequence, introducing students to the Akkadian language. Additionally, this course surveys the history and literature of ancient Mesopotamia, giving special attention to the ways that Assyriology affects the study of the Old Testament. 2 units.

LG 846 Northwest Semitic Texts. This course will introduce the student to the more important remains of the literature of the NW Semitic sphere from the first millennium B.C., i.e., Old Phoenician, Old Aramaic, Old Hebrew, Ammonite and Moabite. 2 units.

OT 805 Old Testament Theology Seminar. This seminar is a study of Old Testament theology looking at both the history of scholarship and contemporary models of theology. Its emphasis is the examination of the role of the biblical text in the task of Old Testament theology, the intertextual dimensions, and influences of Hebrew and Jewish thought as integral to the construction of Old Testament theology.

OT 850 Human Rights in the Old Testament. This PhD seminar constitutes an inquiry into the Old Testament’s view of human rights. The course will reflect on the mechanisms and degree to which the Biblical material may have influenced ideas of human rights. The question of whether human rights proceed primarily from secular humanist moral principles or a Biblical doctrine will be explored through a comparative study of the ancient Israelite creation theology and modern intellectual discourse.

OT 854 Israelite Religion in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context. This course is intended to introduce students to the critical study of the religions of ancient Israel and Judah. Engaging both biblical and ancient near Eastern primary texts, it acquaints students with the similarities and differences between Israelite and Judean beliefs and practices and those of their neighbors. A reading of major secondary literature introduces students to the major theories of nature and diachronic changes in Israelite religion. Research projects will familiarize students with the comparative study of the Old Testament and encourage them to think about the relevance and proper application of the material to the interpretation of the Bible.

OT 856 Old Testament Hermeneutics Seminar. This is a doctoral seminar on Old Testament hermeneutics.

OT 862 Old Testament Textual Criticism. This seminar will develop basic work in textual criticism taught in OT801 Critical Approaches to the Old Testament. It will feature reading on the theory and practice of textual criticism and work through Old Testament passages that pose textual problems. 2 units.

OT 865 Old Testament Ethics. The is a seminar on the content of Old Testament ethics, on method in the study of Old Testament ethics, and on issues raised by setting the Old Testament in the context of Christian faith and vice-versa.

OT 881 Israel: History and Historiography. This seminar is intended to ground advanced graduate students in the scholarly conversation about the history of Israel, which is the foundation for every other critical method in Old Testament scholarship. The course begins with a consideration of the sources of data for writing the history of Israel, and continues with reflections on methodology. The final weeks are case studies on specific historical periods and moments, as well as special topics such as social history, and philosophies of historiography.

OT 883 Ancient Near Eastern History, Literature, and Culture. This course is an introductory survey of ancient Near Eastern history, literature, and culture from prehistoric times to Alexander’s conquest. Civilizations singled out for focus include Sumer, Egypt, Hatti, Babylonia, Assyria, Israel, and Persia. Special attention will be paid to the ways in which surrounding cultures impinged on and influenced Israel and Judah, including detailed comparison of biblical and ANE texts during each class session. In addition to historical events and texts, students will be asked to master basic geographical data, and will be briefly introduced to the languages and writing systems of some of the cultures covered.

OT 888 Critical Approaches to the Old Testament. The primary goal of this seminar is to develop understanding and use of various methodological approaches to Old Testament texts. Among the approaches that the seminar will include are canon, form-, historical-, literary-, redaction, rhetorical, social scientific, and text-criticism.

Christian Ethics

ET 846 God and Globalization. It is widely recognized that globalization is reshaping our civilization by transforming our social institutions, cultural ethos, interpersonal communications, work experiences, personal tastes, and religious identities. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this seminar offers a critical study of the complex nature and multifarious dynamics of globalization and its impact from a perspective of Christian theology and ethics with the focus on the dynamics of the global and the local, the universal and the particular. The following questions are asked: What is globalization? What are its historical roots and socio-economic dynamics, and how do these dynamics intersect with the cultural and philosophical expressions of modernity and postmodernity? What is its impact on various social institutions and the spheres of human life (e.g., religion, politics, economics, popular culture, communication, ecology)? What theological ethical challenges does it pose, and what are faithful and appropriate Christian responses? In exploring these questions, the seminar will compare diverse philosophical and ethical approaches and religious responses to globalization.

ET 856 Ethics in Reformed Tradition. The moral thought associated with Reformed theology has been one of the dominant influences on the ethical perspectives in the 20th and 21st century evangelical movement. Prominent Reformed thinkers in this regard include, among others, Herman Bavinck, Karl Barth, Emil Brunner, John Murray and Lewis Smedes. Special attention has been given by these thinkers to a command-based ethic, the relationship between morality and general revelations, and the relevance of the Sinai Law to the New Testament call to a life of love. In this course, attention will be focused on the writings of key writings in Reformed moral theology, with attention to the implications of those writings for ethical thought and practice in the present-day evangelical movement.

ET 859 Methods in Christian Ethics. This seminar studies representative methods in Christian ethics in a systematic and comparative way. This employs an analysis of their underlying theological and philosophical assumptions and the essential ingredients that shape each method in a particular way in grappling with specific social issues or concerns. The goal is to help students to sharpen their analytical and synthesizing skills in Christian ethical reasoning through a comparative study of key variables, and to explore their own method in Christian ethics in critical conversations with other methods.

ET 863 Theology in the Public Sphere. This seminar examines the nature, rationale and methodologies of public theology by exploring appropriate public engagement of theology in contemporary society. It employs biblical, historical, theological and socio-political methodologies to examine theoretical considerations and practical engagement of Christian churches in the public sphere. It will develop a definition of public theology as critical, reflective and reasoned engagement of theology in the wider society. Topics to be covered include the following: biblical and theological concepts of the public sphere; public theology in Christian tradition; methodologies of public theology; issues of public theology including Christian peace-making, ecological crisis, economic justice, and secular politics.

Theology

ST 829 Theological Method. This doctoral seminar is designed to investigate and discuss critically competing methodologies and approaches in contemporary systematic/constructive theology including their philosophical, hermeneutical, and cultural ramifications. Approaches to be studied include mainline Protestant and Catholic, post-liberal, postmodern, Radical Orthodox, postmetaphysical, post-colonial, canonical-linguistic, and various types of Liberationist and other “contextual” or “global” theologies, as well as Evangelical responses and constructive proposals.

ST 838 Ecclesiology: Current Trends. This doctoral seminar studies ecclesiastical traditions and developments at the international and ecumenical level as well as ecclesiologies of some leading contemporary theologians. Special topics include mission, unity, communion, Eucharist, charisms, and the ministry of the whole people of God.

ST 840 Trinity: Theological Explorations. This seminar offers a critical engagement with key themes and texts in the development of the doctrine of the Trinity.

ST 868 Theology of W. Pannenberg. This doctoral seminar is designed to introduce students to the theology of W. Pannenberg, whose three-volume Systematic Theology is the most ambitious proposal for an all-embracing theological program for the third millennium. Pannenberg’s systematics offers a challenging discussion of all major historical, philosophical, and contemporary questions in Christian theology.

ST 878 Shape of Liturgical Theology. The phrase Lex Orandi/Lex Credendi, attributed to the fifth-century monk Prosper of Aquitaine, has both described and defined the task of liturgical theology. This task is to define the relationship between the Law of Prayer (Lex Orandi) and the Law of Belief (Lex Credendi). This seminar will survey the history of this relationship and the contemporary expressions within the Christian churches today.

TH 832 Reformed Theology: Augustine. While Augustine can justly be claimed to belong to many strands of the Christian tradition in the West, he is of special significance to the Reformed tradition. A hundred years ago, B. B. Warfield wrote that “it is Augustine who gave us the Reformation”–a claim seemingly ratified by Calvin himself when he exclaimed that “Augustine is all ours!” This doctoral seminar will focus on selected topics in Augustine that have proved to be of special interest also to the earliest Protestant theologians and their heirs: Biblical interpretation, ecclesiology, church and state, politics and ethics, and the doctrines of justification, predestination, and free will.

TH 836 Theology of Jurgen Moltmann. This seminar studies the constructive theology of Jürgen Moltmann in the context of contemporary theology at the international and ecumenical levels.

TH 846 Theological Anthropology. This seminar is designed to study theological anthropology, the doctrine and understanding of human beings in Christian perspective, from a philosophical and theological perspective, including relevant biblical and historical, as well as scientific views. The focus will be on the meaning and significance of the image of God in Christian tradition and in relation to contemporary evolutionary worldview, the questions of identity and “self,” the competing views of the nature of human nature in light of tradition and contemporary sciences, as well as the complex network of questions related to sin and Fall. The cultural and “global” conditioning of these issues will be carefully considered. The seminar is interdisciplinary in its approach and will welcome some Fuller colleagues from SOT and SOP to enrich the learning experience.

TH 861 Contemporary Christology. This seminar is a critical examination of some of the central themes in contemporary philosophical-theological accounts of Christology, with an emphasis on articulating and defending a constructive theological understanding of the person of Christ.

TH 863 Theology and Science. This seminar will focus on issues in contemporary science that have a bearing on Christian doctrine. Topics will include cosmology, evolution, and creation; fine-tuning and design; quantum physics and divine action; thermodynamics and evil; suffering and theodicy; future and eschatology. Co-taught by a philosopher and systematic theologian, this seminar offers an interdisciplinary approach.

TH 866 Pneumatology: Trends and Developments. This seminar is designed to investigate and discuss critically current pneumatologies, doctrines of the Holy Spirit, with particular focus on new approaches and orientations. The course offers a critical study of the doctrine of the Spirit from some leading theologians—Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant, including evangelicals—as well as pneumatologies of Pentecostal/charismatic movements. Furthermore, Feminist, Liberationist, “Green,” and political views of the Spirit as well as emerging pneumatologies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America will be carefully assessed.

TH 867 The Doctrine of the Atonement. This seminar is a critical examination of some of the most important recent texts on the doctrine of the atonement with an emphasis on the close reading of particular texts and the retrieval of the theology of these works for the purpose of articulating and defending a constructive understanding of the work of Christ today.

TH 877 Sacraments and Sacramentality. The word sacrament is a term that conjures up images of sacred objects and sacred actions. The theology of those ecclesial rites known as sacraments has been one of the most divisive theological topics in the history of the church. In the last century, however, there has been a great deal of convergence between traditions using as a starting point for discussion the concept of “sacramentality,” that is, the general question of how God is present in the world. This seminar will take up the question of sacramentality and then explore specific expressions of God’s presence in the world commonly referred to as sacraments (or ordinances). This seminar will explore the history of sacramental theology, as well as models of the relationship between the doctrine of God and sacramentality. After defining various models of sacramentality, these models will be applied to specific rites, practices, and concepts, such as Baptism, Eucharist, Ministry, Word, Prayer, Church, and our experience of God extra ecclesia.

TH 817 Eschatology. This doctoral seminar will discuss eschatology, the doctrine of “last things” in an interdisciplinary matrix of theology, sciences, and religious studies (particularly Islam). The domain of contemporary eschatology includes the “end” and destiny of personal and communal life as well as our planet and the whole cosmos. Topics include scientific predictions of the near- and far-future of human life, our planet, and cosmos; the Christian and Islamic theology of death and resurrection of the body; millennial views; the judgment and hell; the nature of heaven, the new heaven and new earth; and the implications to current life of eschatological hope.

Theology and Culture

TC 800 Theology and Culture Methods Seminar. This seminar is designed to encourage students to develop an intentional and critical methodology for interpreting and engaging cultural products (i.e. literary texts, films, music, etc.). In the broadest sense the course is designed to develop cultural literacy from a Christian perspective. The approach will be, first of all, to focus on particular cultural “texts” and develop strategies of reading and interpretation that are informed by biblical and theological perspectives.

TC 848 Ritual Studies. To study the people of God at worship is to study ritual. There can be no legitimate study of worship without taking into consideration the actual practice and action of the people involved. The challenge, however, is to move from simple description to evaluation. How does one determine what a ritual means? How does one appraise the enacted meaning in relationship to the intended meaning of the ritual? This course will explore various models of anthropological analysis of Christian practices as means of generating data for theological reflection and appraising pastoral praxis. Secondarily, this course will examine pedagogical strategies for using participant observation in teaching.

TC 849 Theology of General Revelation. This seminar is designed to investigate and discuss biblically, traditionally, culturally, and constructively a theology of general revelation. After considering the aesthetic impulse, the religious impulse, and the moral impulse, the class will turn to how a cross-section of theological traditions have dealt with the topic: Reformed, liberal Protestantism, Roman Catholic, and Orthodox. The course will consider on a weekly basis relevant biblical texts and will conclude by considering the usefulness of pneumatology and wisdom as possible constructs for a theology of general revelation.

TC 864 A Theology of Beauty: From Dionysius the Areopagite to the Dove Campaign for Real Beauty. This course explores how both different eras of history and specific cultural contexts have informed theological ideas about beauty. Beginning with ancient Hellenistic views of beauty, the course reviews Patristic, Medieval, Reformed, Enlightenment, and 20th and 21st–century construals of beauty, ending with contemporary global views (Global South, secularist, popular). The goal of the course is a clearer understanding of the role of beauty in the theoretical and practical work of the church, whether in biblical adage “to be in the world and not of it” has had a wide-ranging history of interpretation. As Christendom appears more distant in the rear view mirror of the church, this concept’s interpretation and application becomes more important. In particular, it raises questions about Christianity being a multinational and multicultural faith that has tended to be narrow in its expressions of worship. Only in the last quarter century have issues of faith and culture come front and center in liturgical scholarship the way it has in missiology. This class will explore the relationship of cultures, their values, symbols, and rituals to Christian worship. It will explore national and ethnic cultures, as well as generational, class, artistic, and technological cultures. We will focus on gaining an understanding—leading to an application—of theories of culture and worship.

TC 866 Aesthetic Theology and Postmodern Culture. In the late 20th century Aesthetics came to be understood not only as a separate discipline related solely to the arts, but as a method of inquiry that could be fruitfully applied to theology. In this course students will explore historical, philosophical, biblical, theological and cultural understandings of beauty with the goal of understanding the role of aesthetics as a constructive element in theology and the Christian life.

TC 867 The Aesthetics of Atheism. In the late-modern West, atheism, secular humanism, and/or naturalism are now “live options” in ways that they have never been before. While the United States remains one of the most religious of Western countries, a significant (and growing) minority of the population is not simply abandoning religious practice and religious institutions under the guise of being “spiritual but not religious,” nor merely self-identifying as atheist/humanist/naturalist, but are rather choosing an altogether different option: a/theism. This seminar will explore the historical development of this (largely Western) phenomenon, and investigate the intellectual sources that fund the contemporary, “post-secular” cultural imagination—sociological, psychological, philosophical, and, ultimately, theological. Although the broader concerns of the seminar have to do with the cultural significance of a/theism, it will focus in particular on aesthetics. That is, the seminar will take up the question of whether and how the aesthetic shape of a/theism might prove instructive for developing a constructive Christian theology of culture in a post-secular world.

Practical Theology

PM 845 Qualitative & Quantitative Research Methods for Practical Theology. This seminar introduces students to a wide range of social science research methods in order to prepare them to work with these methods within a practical theological modality. Students will become familiar with major research protocols, methods, and strategies so they can analyze and critique the design, implementation, results reporting, interpretations, conclusions, and limitations of any social science research. There will also be training on the Schools of Theology/Intercultural Studies Human Subjects Review processes. In addition, each student will design and implement a qualitative research project and present their results to the class.

PM 849 Practical Theology/Christian Education. This seminar engages methods of practical theology with a focus on Christian education in relationship with studies in learning organizations and communities of practice.

PM 856 Practical Theology Methods. This seminar will introduce students to recent studies of practical theology with a focus on ecclesiology and mission in a Western context. The hermeneutical implications of a praxis-based theology of ministry will be considered in an integrative, interdisciplinary manner, with attention to matters of leadership appropriate to participation in God’s mission in both the church and the world.

PM 867 Cultural Theories, Epistemologies, and Theological Praxis. This is an advanced Practical Theology seminar focused on culture, regarding both local and global contexts within multiple forms of modernity and coloniality. With attention to epistemology and praxis, matters of theology and methodology will be engaged in the study of world [global] cultures, politics, economy, subjectivity, and religions. The hermeneutical implications of a decolonizing-praxis for theology and ministry will be considered in an interdisciplinary manner, with attention to the potential participation of the Church in God’s mission within hegemonic global designs.

SP 823 Christian Spirituality and Pastoral Ministry. This seminar will introduce the student to the academic study of Christian Spirituality through the lens of Pastoral Ministry. The student will explore methodologies involved in the historical and theological study of Christian Spirituality. The student will apply these methods to specific individuals and movements and their understanding and lived expression of ministry. In particular the student will explore topics of vocation, giftedness, and ministries to the Christian community and through the Christian community to the world. Specifically, the methods of discerning gifts and resources, individually and corporately, and their application to specific social locations will be used as points of comparison for models of Christian Spirituality.

Directed Readings and Independent Studies

Students in the PhD and ThM programs design their programs in conjunction with their mentor. The student and the professor whose specialty the student desires to pursue agree together to participate in a directed readings or independent studies course and decide on the contents and requirements of the course before the quarter of study begins. The student must make arrangements for the course with the CATS program director before registration, and must register for academic credit within normal quarterly registration deadlines. The student is responsible to meet with the professor throughout the quarter of study to discuss his or her progress and the completion of the paper. All regular CATS policies and procedures apply to directed readings and independent studies courses.

Auditing Courses

Auditing of CATS Seminars by CATS students is subject to instructor permission. Auditors are expected to complete all reading required for the Seminar and to participate in seminar discussion, but are typically not expected to complete the required written work. Auditing of combined 800/500 level courses at the 500 level is not permitted.

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