2018-2019 Academic Catalog

Course Descriptions

Courses of Study

In any given quarter, courses will be offered from among the following, depending on the availability of faculty and the composition of the student body. Course offerings and course descriptions are subject to change through normal academic processes.

The courses are numbered according to the following guidelines:

  • MB: Behavioral Sciences
  • MC: Church Growth
  • MD: Holistic Ministries
  • ME: Communication
  • MH: Mission History
  • MI: Mission Integration
  • MK: Korean Mission
  • ML: Leadership Training
  • MM: Ministry
  • MN: Urban Mission
  • MO: Spiritual Dynamics
  • MP: Contemporary Culture
  • MR: Religions
  • MT: Mission Theology

The 500-level courses are for students in the MA programs, and are open to students in any master’s-level program. Students in the Korean-language ThM in Missiology program register for courses at the 600 level. The 700-level courses are for students in the Doctor of Missiology program. The 800-level courses are for Ph.D. and ThM in Intercultural Studies students only.

Abbreviations at the end of the course description indicate whether the course meets one or more of the following:

  • School of Intercultural Studies core competency course in the MA in Intercultural Studies beginning Winter 2010 (MAIS)
  • School of Theology MDiv core requirements, such as MIN3 or MIN8
  • Seminary core requirement (SCR) or other MA program requirement (MAT, MATM, MACL)

These abbreviations also appear in quarterly class schedules. A current list may be found at schedule.fuller.edu//registrar/schedule/attributes.html.

School of Intercultural Studies Faculty

  • Roberta R. King, Professor of Communication and Ethnomusicology
  • Kirsteen Kim – Professor of Theology and World Christianity
  • C. Douglas McConnell, Professor of Leadership and Intercultural Studies
  • Bryant L. Myers, Professor of Transformational Development
  • Diane Obenchain, Professor of Religion
  • Timothy Kiho Park, Professor of Asian Missions
  • Johnny Ramírez-Johnson, Professor of Anthropology
  • Scott W, Sunquist, Professor of World Christianity
  • Amos Yong, Professor of Theology and Mission
  • Ryan K. Bolger, Associate Professor of Church in Contemporary Culture
  • Donna R. Downes, Associate Professor of Leadership
  • Enoch Jinsik Kim, Associate Professor of Communication and Mission Studies
  • Evelyne A. Reisacher, Associate Professor of Islamic Studies and Intercultural Relations
  • Judith Tiersma Watson, Associate Professor of Urban Mission
  • Wilmer G. Villacorta, Associate Professor of Intercultural Studies
  • Keon-Sang An, Assistant Professor of Bible and Mission
  • Robert E. Freeman, Assistant Professor of Global Leadership
  • Mark Hopkins, Assistant Professor of Leadership
  • Peter Lai-Heng Lim, Headington Assistant Professor of Global Leadership Development
  • David H. Scott, Assistant Professor of Intercultural Studies and Children at Risk
  • Elizabeth L. Glanville, Senior Assistant Professor of Leadership
  • Sherwood G. Lingenfelter, Senior Professor of Anthropology
  • R. Daniel Shaw, Senior Professor of Anthropology and Translation
  • Wilbert R. Shenk, Senior Professor of Mission History and Contemporary Culture
  • Charles E. Van Engen, Arthur F. Glasser Professor Emeritus of Biblical Theology of Mission and Senior Professor of Biblical Theology of Mission
  • J. Dudley Woodberry, Senior Professor of Islamic Studies

Integrative Studies (IS)

IS 503 The Practice of Mission. This is one of the three foundational practice courses required for the MDiv, MAICS, MATM or MAT degrees. In this course students will be challenged to rethink the meaning of God’s mission and the Church’s practice of mission in light of their own experiences of mission. The overall concern is to understand God’s mission biblically, theologically, and practically considered. Students will begin to explore the nature of missional existence in their own context as well as in other cultural contexts, and learn to apply missiological insights to these situations.

Behavioral Sciences (MB)

MB 501 Insights for Cultural Understanding. This course addresses cultural self-awareness and cross-cultural competence for building healthy relationships within diverse communities. Drawing upon anthropological, sociological, biblical, and theological perspectives, students gain basic principles and skills for researching and interacting among diverse cultural and social groups.

MB 518 Quantitative Research Methods. This course assists students in becoming more careful quantitative thinkers and in acquiring the basic skills to understand, use, and produce basic quantitative evidence relevant for anthropological and missiological questions.  In addition to evaluating the relative merits of qualitative and quantitative measures, students will be familiarized with the foundational logic and research designs used in quantitative anthropological research and the evaluation of programs and initiatives that may be used by ministry organizations. Furthermore, students will receive an introduction to common descriptive and inferential statistical techniques (univariate) and be taught how to calculate them using Excel. Real datasets from Fuller research projects will be considered as examples.

MB 520 Thinking Anthropologically. This course seeks to integrate anthropological concepts and theories with effective Christian witness in cross-cultural/intercultural ministry contexts. Cultural Anthropology has long sought to understand the elements of human commonality while appreciating how those common elements are managed by each society. By combining cultural theories with ministry experience, the course encourages students to recognize personal cultural biases and appreciate the relevance of anthropological thinking to church and mission. Course principles are applied to the transmission of the Gospel in ecclesial and/or missional contexts in order to encourage the transformation of communities in any cultural context including North American urban settings. Offered only in Korean.

MB 524 Christian Anthropology from the Margins. Developing an epistemology of diversity and cultural contextualization via truth seeking by reading selected biblical passages from the margins. Challenging the limits of discrete anthropological and theological epistemologies by gesturing toward a transdisciplinary understanding of an emerging practical theology for the purpose of contextualizing Christian theological thinking. Enabling students’ cultural, racial and ethnic exploration for self-awareness and facilitating engagement with diverse communities.

MB 526 Anthropology and Global Engagement. This course focuses on application of anthropological and sociological insights for engagement and witness in diverse cultural settings. Exploring the interface of proposition, story, and wisdom in cultural context serves as one of the foundational approaches to cultural competence.

MB 533 Social Analysis and Contextual. A course on Social Analysis and Contextualization will teach you how to exegete the culture and context of a church plant to help develop churches that are relevant and transformative.

MB 560 Methods of Observing and Interpreting Culture. This seminar is designed to equip students with basic skills in collecting and analyzing qualitative cultural data using methods of the ethnographer, and is offered to a limited number of master’s level students as approved by the professor. A range of related methods will be discussed along with the epistemological implications of each, and students will acquire greater proficiency with a selection of those methods via the execution of a pilot research project.

MB 591 Directed Study in MB.

Church Growth (MC)

MC 500 Church in Mission. This course serves as a broad introduction to the Church and churches in historical and contemporary contexts. Students will explore a broad variety of ecclesiological formations, exploring the nature of churches, their liturgies, communal life, and their mission in the world. In this course, students will begin to compare and contrast the historical and contemporary church with their own particular tradition. Also offered in Spanish.

MC 506 Leading a Missional Church. The emergence of the missional church is showing signs of being the largest realignment of Christianity since the Reformation. This course explores the distinguishing contours of the missional church revolution as well as the leadership required by it. Major course attention will center on two primary shifts underway: the shift from internal to external focus and the shift from program-driven to people development as the core activity of the missional community. The course is designed for those who want both to understand these developments and to exercise leadership in this movement.

MC 509 The Church in a Culture of Technology. In this course, we will document the social media revolution through an analysis of Google, Facebook, Youtube, Blogging, Wikipedia, Twitter, Second Life, and mobile phones. We will be exploring how this cultural change impacts churches. How do we pursue the reign of God in these new cultures? We will be drawing on historic missiological understandings as well as contemporary insights to seriously engage participatory cultures with the gospel of Christ.

MC 520 Church Planting. This course begins with an in-depth study and critical appraisal of the work of Donald McGavran, founder of the church growth movement. In this course, students will create a church planting strategy, building on theological resources, visits to LA church plants, and studies of church planting movements.

MC 525 Starting and Multiplying New Churches. A practical course designed to provide students with a grasp of the issues and dynamics involved in planting churches. With spiritual formation as the foundation, students will learn how to develop a strategy for starting and multiplying churches that is applicable in any context and community. This course will address current church planting models, methods, and processes.

MC 527 Discipleship in Mission. The course will help students understand the life and work of a believer and how discipleship is related to the coming of the kingdom of God. It is to let the students know that believers who receive eternal life as a free gift by sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ (John 3:16) ought to have discipleship that motivates them to give, yield, and sacrifice (1 John 3:16) for the coming of the kingdom of God. This course is to provide the students with theoretical and practical knowledge of Christian discipleship. Taught only in Korean.

MC 538 Evangelism and Church Planting. This course explores the life transforming Gospel message and the numerous ways to communicate this Good News in our respective contexts. This course focuses especially on equipping pastors and lay leaders in ways to engage in evangelism, both personally and corporately.

MC 539 Evangelism in Cultural Contexts. The message of Jesus Christ is Good News. In this course we seek to rediscover that Good News for ourselves, listen to the various ways others have come to faith through evangelistic encounters, and discover the various ways the Good News comes in and through cultures. We focus specifically on Latino, African American, and Asian American cultures, but we also talk about youth cultures. We look at various writers who have theorized about evangelism, and we also have opportunities to share our faith in the context of the course.

MC 540 Evangelism and Witness of Kingdom. In this course students will investigate how the gospel is expressed and received in various cultural contexts and how those contexts respond to the good news of Jesus Christ. Students will explore a biblical and theological framework for evangelism; ways that different contexts respond to various theories of the atonement; and how cultural expectations about spiritual dynamics (e.g., power encounters, signs and wonders) impact receptivity toward the message of God’s kingdom.

MC 541 Evangelism and Discipleship: Cross-cultural. This course provides an introduction to the cultural dimensions inherent in the tasks of evangelism and discipleship; and resources for developing a biblically rooted philosophy and practice of evangelism and discipleship. Students will be challenged to engage in critical thinking as they explore biblical, theological, and cultural implications of the gospel relative to the practical realities of evangelism and discipleship in cross-cultural settings. The relationship between evangelism and discipleship will be explored, as well as the relationship between discipleship and church planting.

MC 576 Missional Church/Korean Context. 급속한 성장기와 정체기를 지난 한국교회는 다양한 측면에서 후퇴기에 접어들고 있다. 어느때보다 교회의 본질에대한 각성과 새롭고 창조적인 사역을 통한 갱신이 요구되는 시점에서 선교적 교회 운동은 교회의 본질회복과 시대 문화에 적합한 사역을 위한 새로운 관점을 제시해 준다. 과목은 한국교회와 선교 지도자들이 삼위일체 하나님의 선교(missio dei) 입각해 교회와 하나님 백성(church and people of God) 부르심의 본질을 이해하고, 보냄 받은 공동체로서 선교적 사역을 감당하고 있는 모델을 분석하여, 시대에 적합한 성육신적 목회/선교 패러다임을 형성하도록 돕는다. 아울러 그리스도의 제자로서 선교적 삶을 살아낼 있는 방안을 개인적 차원과 공동체적 차원에서 찾고 실천해 것이다.

MC 583 Cross-cultural Church Planting. This course is a study in the planting and development of missionary churches. The purpose of this course is to provide cross-cultural Christian workers theories and practices of planting healthy, dynamic, and reproducible indigenous churches in cross-cultural setting.

MC 591 Directed Study in MC.

Holistic Ministries (MD)

MD 500 Globalization, the Poor, and Christian Mission. This course examines the globalization phenomenon as a deeply rooted historical change process that has significant impact on the contemporary church and the poor. The course consists of two parts. The first part of the course examines the political, economic, and cultural dimensions of globalization with a view toward unraveling myth from reality and applying biblical lenses to this assessment. Supporters and skeptics are examined, as are the major global players who have the power to shape the nature of globalization. The second part of the course briefly examines the impact of globalization on the church and global mission, but primarily focuses on the impact of globalization on the poor and a critical examination of global proposals for eradicating poverty.

MD 525 Poverty and Development. This course explores the challenges of empowering the poor in a world marked by marginalization, disempowerment, abuse and injustice. Poverty is explored from a number of perspectives, concluding with a biblical framework. Responses to poverty are then explored, including the goals of transformational development and the process and principles by which it is pursued. The focus is largely on development in the global South.

MD 527 Mission, Ethics, Public Life. 이 과목은 최근 신학계에 대두되고 있는 신학에 대해서 신학적, 선교학적,그리고 사회정치적인 방법론을 통해서 기독교가 현대사회에서 공적 생활에 어떻게 영향을 끼칠 수 있는가를 검토하게 된다. 특히 다원적인문화와 다종교 사회에서 공적인 생활에 있어서 교회가 윤리적 차원에서 어떻게 대처하는 문제에 대해서 다루게된다. 이 과목에서 다루는 주제들은: 공적영역에 대한 성경적, 신학적 개념; 공공신학의 역사적 발전; 공적 선교학; 분쟁과 복음적 평화 추구; 생태계문제와 하나님의 창조섭리의 확인; 세계화와 경제적 정의 실천; 세속사회에서의 교회의 공적역활을 포함한다.

MD 528 Development Tools and Practices. This course introduces students to the tools and practices used in doing transformational development programming. Built around an emphasis on program design, monitoring and evaluation, the course introduces students to the two main tools of participatory action research used by development practitioners: Participatory Learning and Action and Appreciative Inquiry. In addition, the course will include basic introductions to critical technical sectors such as micro-enterprise development and sustainable agriculture. The class will also address the characteristics, character and competencies of holistic development practitioners. Students’ learning will be enhanced if they have taken Poverty and Development (MD525).

MD 529 Power, Poverty, and the Kingdom of God. This course is based on the conviction that in order to provide sustainable, scalable and holistic solutions to poverty and oppression, we must challenge and redefine power from the perspective of the Kingdom of God. It seeks to redefine the mission of the church to the “empty-handed.”

MD 532 Christian Community Development. This course will explore and engage the theological, contextual and missional implications and engage in the application of CCD (Christian Community Development) principles based on the work of John Perkins and the ABCD (asset based community development) methodology developed by John McKnight and John Kretzman for the sustainable development and transformation of communities based on their resources, strengths, assets and potential rather their needs and deficits.

MD 541 Probeza/Desarrollo Comunitario/Christian Community Development. Este curso explorará el rol de la iglesia en el desarrollo integral de la comunidad. Se incluyen el fundamento bíblico, la variedad de modelos utilizados en los EE. UU. y en el mundo (con un enfoque particular en los modelos cristianos) y las capacidades necesarias para involucrar a congregaciones y ministerios a fin de hacer un trabajo eficaz. Enseñaremos teorías sobre las raíces de la pobreza y las mejores prácticas y técnicas para aliviarla.

English Translation: This course will explore the role of the Church in community development, covering the biblical foundation, the range of development models in the US and internationally (with a particular focus on specifically Christian approaches,) and the skills necessary for effective engagement by congregations and other Christian ministries.  Theories about the causes of poverty and best practices for poverty alleviation will be included.

MD 543 Ministry with Children at Risk. There are children in every society that struggle with complex social challenges; from economic poverty and malnutrition to abuse, neglect, and exploitation. This course makes use of insights and approaches from a variety of disciplines to help Christians understand what mission (and particularly cross-cultural mission) with these children can achieve when it is grounded in research and committed to appropriately sharing the whole Gospel.

MD 544 Ministry to Sexually Exploited or Trafficked Children. This course will give students a basic introduction to the problem of trafficking of children for sexual and labor exploitation, with an emphasis on sexual exploitation. Students will study existing faith-based and secular strategies to address these issues, evaluate them and formulate effective solutions. Students will be expected to develop a missional approach to addressing sex and labor trafficking in their own ministry context.

MD 546 Relief, Refugees, and Conflict. This course explores the plight of refugees and internally displaced people fleeing the results of conflict and natural disasters. The humanitarian response is explored from a number of perspectives, including a biblical perspective. The changing and highly complex nature of the humanitarian world is explored, seeking to identify the role and contribution of Christian agencies and churches.

MD 556 Orphan Care Approaches: A Spectrum of Responses for Children Outside of Parental Care. This class offers a safe yet intellectually rigorous environment for Christians to grapple with theoretical, biblical, and cultural perspectives about responses to children who are separated from parental care. Students will explore, discuss, and critique various models on the spectrum of care to include: prevention and delay, reunification, kin care, foster care, community based care, forms of adoption, and residential care.

MD 557 Children, Refugees and Conflict. This class offers a missiologically-informed overview and analysis of the links between conflict zones and the effects and opportunities it provides children, as well as the range of responses that can and should be provided to children and/or their families as they seek safety. Special emphasis is placed on the experiences of and responses to children within conflict zones, in refugee camps, and during the resettlement process.

MD 558 Children and the Kingdom. This course equips students with Biblical, theological, and cultural resources that will aid them in constructing contextual theologies of children, youth, and childhood intended to inform ministry praxis and edify the Church. The primary lens used will be a consideration of Jesus’ own words about—and behavior with—children, and especially the ways in which he connected his disciples’ understanding of childhood with his teachings on the Kingdom of God. Specific focus will be placed on developing missional theologies that respect and are responsive to dynamics of race, gender, class, and disabilities.

MD 575 Childhood: Global Perspective. This course is a survey of the recent interdisciplinary field of Childhood Studies as a source of greater understanding for mission and ministry. It presents ways to integrate insights from theology, history, sociology, and cross-cultural psychology in order to consider specific topics in ministry with children such as spiritual development, the relationship between globalization and children/youth, children’s rights, and the more extreme challenges that some children and youth face globally.

MD 591 Directed Study in MD.

Communication (ME)

ME 506 Communicating the Gospel Cross-culturally. This course discusses the principles, dynamics and processes of intercultural communication, and the application of these principles to communicating the gospel in ministry contexts. Intersecting this is the examination of the nature of God’s model of communication from a biblical perspective. Learners have the opportunity to enhance their intercultural competence while creatively working to develop models of communication that are theologically valid, culturally appropriate and contextually relevant.

ME 513 Global Christian Worship. This course focuses particularly on the role, influence, and importance of the global arts as expressive languages that critically shape Christian worship, witness, spiritual formation, and church growth, across diverse cultural contexts. A Biblical foundation and practical framework for effectively contextualizing, creating and leading in meaningful Christian worship and witness will be developed.

ME 515 Communicating Christ through Narrative and Song. The goal of the course is to learn how to effectively contextualize the Gospel and theology via oral arts forms. It proceeds by investigating how to understand our audience and their perceptions of the world through local art forms with a view to creating and developing culturally appropriate oral resources for Christian worship, witness, and spiritual formation.

ME 518 Exegeting a Music Culture. Students are provided with the knowledge and skills necessary for conducting musical ethnography in diverse cultural and demographic contexts. They will be empowered to reflect upon and address critical issues in each context for employing music in witness and worship effectively and appropriately.

ME 525 Worship and World Religions. This course examines and analyzes the religious worship practices and music expressions of five major world religions: Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Christianity. Their respective belief systems and worldviews are also discussed. In addition, issues pertaining to hybridity with local and folk religious practices and musical expressions, as well as implications for appropriate contextualization of Christian worship in multireligious contexts are addressed.

ME 519 Directed Study in ME.

Mission History (MH)

MH 506 The Making of Global Christianity. This course explores Christianity’s first two thousand years with a primary focus on the inherent dynamic that propels cross-cultural transmission and the critical elements that have defined the experience and expressions of the faith in successive heartlands. Five core issues will guide the discussion: the translation principle, or indigenous appropriations and vernacular expressions of the faith; the agents and agencies of missionary expansion; major movements of reformation and renewal; interaction with other major faiths; and causative factors in the periodic shifts or extermination of the faith.

MH 515 God’s Mission in Historical and Global Perspectives. This course takes an overview of discourse on the mission of God in the twentieth century from historical and global perspectives through the examination of mission conferences and church councils. Important mission theologies and practices arising from local and global mission conferences are discussed and attention is paid to individuals, organizations and movements that have had a significant impact.

Korean Translation: 과정은 20세기 초반부 부터 개최되었던 세계선교대회를 중심으로 하나님의 선교가 역사적으로 글로벌적으로 어떻게 발전되어 왔는가를 토의하게 된다. 특히 세계적인 그리고 지역적인 다양한 선교대회에 대한 역사적 배경과 함께 대회 다루었던 선교신학과 선교실천이 어떻게 현지 선교에 영향을 주게 되었는가를 검토하며, 이에 공헌한 개인, 단체 그리고 선교운동에 주의를 기울이며 현대선교의 동향에 대해서 탐구하게 것이다.

MH 520 Expansion of the People of God. The purpose of this course is the missiological reinterpretation of the history of the church worldwide and the application of the insights which emerge to present strategies of mission. We will not examine primarily the theological and institutional development of the church, but rather the dynamics of its expansion. We will pay special attention to means of renewal and structures of mission.

MH 526 Christianity in China, Korea, and Japan. During the 20th century Christianity, an Asian religion, finally became resident in East Asia as an Asian religion. The countries of Korea, Japan, and China have common cultural threads but diverse trajectories that have shaped Christian development in particular ways. This course studies some of those developments of Christianity in East Asia as distinct from the West (although in dialog with the West) and as distinct from South Asia.

MH 536 Global Pentecostalism and Mission. This course provides an overview of the global pentecostal movement, focused especially on its missionary practices and missiological views. The topic is engaged in an interdisciplinary manner, drawing together historical, social scientific, and theological resources. Pentecostals missions and theology of mission will be situated and assessed within the wider disciplines of mission history, missiology, and conversations about mission theology.

MH 541 Korean Mission History. Traces the missionary movement of the Korean church from its inception to the present as a major force in contemporary world mission. Taught only in Korean.

MH 591 Directed Study in MH.

Mission Integration (MI)

MI 510 Thinking Missiologically. As with every field of study, missiology has its particular focus, literature, and methods. To engage in missiological integration requires appropriate skills to use the tools and resources available. This course introduces the student to these skills and the basic perspectives and tools. A special feature of the course is the use made of the case study model to engage missiological investigation, reflection, and action. The School of Intercultural Studies’ framework for missiological study-Word, Church, and World will be employed. Because effective missiology is developed interactively, opportunity will be given for collaboration in learning.

MI 511 Missiological Consilience. As with every field of study, missiology has its particular focus, literature, and methods. To engage in missiological integration/consilience requires appropriate skills to use the tools and resources available. This course integrates the learning from the core courses in missiology taught in the MA degrees in the School of Intercultural Studies. A special feature of the course is the use made of the case study model to engage missiological investigation, reflection, and action. Because effective missiology is developed interactively, opportunity will be given for collaboration in learning. Taught only in Korean.

MI 516 Missiological Integration Practicum. This practicum provides cross-cultural immersion (ethnically and socioeconomically), practical experience in ethnographic research, and missiological reflection for students in the Master of Arts in Intercultural Studies (MAIS) program. Students will integrate past course work from both core classes and emphasis classes into their missiological reflection, gain an understanding of the cultural context of the practicum location, grow in personal faith, discern their next steps of vocation, practice self-care in a cross-cultural context, and practice ethnographic research. 8 units. Prerequisite: 24 units of missiology completed.

MD591 Directed Study in MI.

Korean Mission (MK)

MK 706 Cross-cultural Church Planting. This course is a study in the planting and development of missionary churches. The purpose of this course is to help students understand the importance, the principles and practices of cross-cultural church planting and development. It gives the students practical suggestions as to how to plant and develop churches into self-governing, self-supporting and self-propagating indigenous churches. Korean-language D.Min. course.

MK 723: A History of Christian Mission. This course provides an overview of the history of the Christian witness from New Testament times to the present; introduces the leading personalities, geography, ideas, events, and bibliography of the various periods of missions history.; observes the missionary methods employed in the various periods of missions history and list distinctive changes of the Asian Church prior to and after World War II; traces the development of international missionary cooperation and ecumenicity; helps the Korean Church to formulate new mission strategies in the light of rapid changes taking place around the world, especially in the Third World. Korean-language D.Min. course.

MK 591 Directed Study in MK.

Leadership Training (ML)

ML 519 Power, Gender and Christian Leaders. This course will explore these dynamics in an interdisciplinary approach with attention given to theological, historical, social and scriptural perspectives. The course will guide students through a process of reflection identifying their power assumptions originating from their personal narrative and rooted in longstanding paradigms informed by the complexity of power and gender/ethnic relationships. Through the use of seminal perspectives and constructive social and spiritual disciplines, students will have the opportunity to integrate a plan for effectively leading others.

ML 521 Developing Giftedness in Leaders. An in-depth study of the doctrine of spiritual gifts, with an emphasis on leadership gifts (both directive and supportive). Points out responsibility for identifying, developing and releasing gifted people. Uses Holland’s profile to suggest creation of structures through which gifts can operate. Suggests convergence as a major goal for Level-4 and Level-5 leaders. Taught only in Korean.

ML 523 Mentoring. This course is an in-depth study of mentoring as a life-shaping relationship between mentor, mentee, and the Holy Spirit. Without circumventing the acquisition of skills, this course focuses on how mentoring affords an environment and relationship for shaping character and encouraging spiritual formation and soul care. The course underscores that no one ideal mentor exists, but that multiple mentors are needed. The dynamics for growing mentoring relationships will be explored. Focus will be given to the need for mentoring balance with mentors, peer mentors, and mentees (mentoring 360). Context will be in view including cross-cultural and cross-generational mentoring. The student will consider current mentoring models and strategies for the emerging generation. Course design seeks to foster both personal applications and applications in the student’s current context and ministry.

ML 524 Focused Lives. This course explores the formative dynamics of a leader’s journey toward more focused life and ministry. These dynamics flow out of being and are embedded in each leader’s story or narrative. The course builds upon J. Robert Clinton’s discoveries and insights into these dynamics. Focused life concepts will be illustrated through a comparative and narrative approach to several historical, contemporary, and biblical men and women leaders. Students will, in turn, reflect on their own personal narratives in search of ways that God has been guiding them toward a more focused life, vocation/calling, and role.

ML 530 Lifelong Development. This course explores the nature of Christian leadership development slightly based on J. Robert Clinton’s Leadership Emergence Theory. The course also highlights an integration of spiritual leadership, inner life formation, identity and how God shapes a leader over a lifetime for unique purposes. Development of a leader’s life takes place: (1) In the context of God’s sovereign formative hand, (2) in the context of time and (3) in context of a leader’s response to God’s formation. The course also aims to provide perspectives that enable students to assist others in their lifelong development.

ML 535 Intercultural Leadership. This course explores the nuances of leadership in the intercultural contexts.  We will cover the theories behind intercultural leadership, identify components of culture, introduce the basic principles in intercultural communication, and develop understanding of intercultural synergies in organizational behavior within multicultural setting.

ML 536 Value-Based Leadership in the New Testament. This course utilizes many leadership perspectives, most of which are cross-cultural, to test and explore these findings in the New Testament. What does the New Testament say about these various leadership perspectives (such as leadership elements, leadership styles, philosophical models, leadership emergence theory, mentoring, change dynamics, etc.) as the framework for studying leadership? The New Testament is one of the best leadership resources and least used for that purpose.

ML 538 Cross Cultural Leadership. The subject of this course is the cross-cultural study of leadership, i.e., how leaders lead followers in diverse cultural settings. While individuals vary significantly in their capabilities and skills to lead others, each social setting places demands, constraints, and requirements of legality and procedure upon leaders. All leaders must work within the bounds of these variables, regardless of their personal gifts. The lectures in the course are illuminated by the theory and data of social and political anthropology. Taught only in Korean.

ML 540 Leadership Training Models. This course is an overview of adult leadership development (ALD) focusing on design and evaluation of ALD processes that have proven effective in mission and ministry. Includes an in-depth look at “Dialogue Education” (Jane Vella) as a practical means of facilitating adult learning. This course gives you tools to evaluate or design ALD processes using several techniques to analyze an actual field case.

ML 542 Leadership for Transformation. This course entails an examination of the theological foundations of a leadership for transformation. In the end, the course will elucidate the environments, processes, pathways, strategies, and practices that foster growth, renewal and transformation for others within the students’ organizations and contexts.

ML 549 Partnership Development. This course deals with the subject of developing collaborative, inter-organizational approaches to Christian ministry. It focuses on building a necessary background in the various factors directly affecting collaboration, as well as identifying and developing the collaborative capacity of the student’s own organization. This class is case-study based wherein the primary case study is the student’s own context of collaboration. Grading is based primarily on the student’s ability to apply concept to context.

ML 560 Change Dynamics. Whether serving the Church, mission agency, NGO, nonprofit, or market-place contexts, all ministries require substantive change and transformation at some point. Most of the time change is not anticipated or intentional and therefore is ineffective. In Change Dynamics, an overview of seminal theories of change will be introduced, especially in our two-week, face-to-face time. Students will apply an organizational change strategy to a current situation or conduct a postmortem case study on an organizational change from the past.

ML 565 Understanding Organizational Dynamics. This course will provide an introduction to the seminal theories in organizational dynamics including purpose/vision of ministries, ministry values, learning organizations, and organizational structures, culture, and lifecyles. Through the use of the seminal theories, case studies, and the final project, students will have the opportunity to analyze their own organizations and plan for the future.

ML 570 Leadership in Ethnic Contexts. This course is an examination of the nature of Christian leadership in the complex context of the immigrant and ethnic church. This course will introduce aspects of effective leadership such as systems thinking, non-anxious leadership, change management, cross-cultural competency, congregational learning, assessment, and holistic formation as they relate to clergy leading the church.

ML 578 Missional Leadership. This is a practical theology course that engages biblical, theological, and practical matters in ecclesiology and leadership. The work of lay and clergy leadership is explored in regard to fostering an environment in which all participants are to be formed into an interpretive community that is engaged with God personally and corporately in congregation formation, spiritual formation, and missional formation. Working from a praxis-theory-praxis perspective, the course will attend to topics as they are integrated in a practical theology methodology with an emphasis on missio Dei.

ML 581 Developing Your Learning Plan. In this introductory course of the Master of Arts in Global Leadership, our students (i.e. current leaders) play a significant role in their respective educational process as they develop their own comprehensive learning plans for the entire degree program. Beyond individual learning, each leader experiences the benefits of both joining a diverse Christian community as well as enlisting in a like-minded group of practitioners in an online learning environment. MAGL only.

ML582 Character, Community, and Leadership. Students from around the globe will join faculty in dialogue around topics of character formation in community. The challenge of developing character as a foundation for leadership will be applied in students’ lives through reading, discussions, lectures, small group exercises, sharing of spiritual journey narratives, community meals, prayers and reflection. The work for this course sequence (4-units) spans 2 quarters. Part A comprises the pre-seminar work, in-class activities and post-seminar assignments. Students will meet on campus for one week for 1) an orientation to Fuller Seminary resources, the MAGL program and its learning components, 2) an opportunity to build deeper relationships with cohort members to achieve a more effective learning community; and 3) an introduction to the principles of character formation and leadership. Part B comprises post-seminar reading, writing, group dialogue and the final paper. MAGL only.

ML 583 Global Leadership: Implications for Ministry. This course sequence primarily serves as a capstone to the cohort portion of the Master of Arts in Global Leadership. Students will be required to demonstrate competencies consistent with the stated learning outcomes of the MAGL degree program through a combination of discussions, small group projects, presentations, reading reports, field trips and a final integrative paper. They will have the opportunity to reflect upon and synthesize their learning in the MAGL, to focus on key discoveries and transformative themes that have impacted their lives and their ministries, and to understand more deeply the implications of Christian faith and praxis in their ministry context. The work for this course sequence (4-units total) spans 2 quarters. Part A includes pre-seminar online work and preparation for in-class activities. Students will meet on the Pasadena campus for a one-week campus integrative experience and an urban exegesis with their cohort; Part B will comprise post-seminar online work, group discussions and a final integrative paper. MAGL only.

ML 584 Cross-cultural Dynamics of Global Leadership. This course will offer (1) a deeper understanding of how our own cultural frameworks impact organizational dynamics, leadership development, decision making, and conflict management; (2) an opportunity to diagnose and explore possibilities for improving the “climate” for cultural diversity in our own organizational or church contexts; and (3) practical suggestions about how Christian leaders might learn to leverage diversity to achieve positive change within their ministry contexts so that the Gospel of the Kingdom can spread more effectively from all peoples to all peoples.

ML 591 Directed Study in ML.

Ministry (MM)

MM 511 Developing Ministry Strategies. 본 과목은 사역자들이 자신의 소명을 따라 성경과 현장의 상황에 적합한 사역을 개발 하는데 요구되는 전략적 접근과 관점들을 배운다. 참석자들은 구속사적 사역이 필요로하는 전략에 관한 하나님의 모델을 배운다. 이를 위해 수업에서는 전략 일반 이론, 현장과 문화적상황의 분석, 청중에 관한 이해, 사역자와 기관에 관한 분석, 가용자원을 파악에 관련한 이론들을 다룬다. 수업에서는 현장 분석에 기반하여 자신의 사역 대상에게 변화를 유도하기 위한 요소들과 자원들을 찾는 시간을 가질 것이다. 결과 본인과 본인이 속한 기관및 교회가 효율적으로 사역을 개발 하고 또 목적에 맞는 변화의 주창자가 되는 데 필요한 안목을 갖게 될 것이다.

MM 529 Leading God’s People in Worship. This course is of leadership in Christian worship. Leading the congregation in worship has been a crucial task for Christian ministers, pastors, and missionaries in relation to shaping people’s life as well as practices of worship. This course will provide the participants with theologically sound and culturally relevant approaches to leading Christian worship both in local churches and mission fields.

MM 566 Self Care and Spiritual Formation for Missionaries and NGO Cross-Cultural Workers. This course examines the theological foundations of a missionary lifestyle and the role spiritual formation plays in maintaining well-being. The missionary life involves above-average levels of stress, loss, and possibly trauma. Students will learn the effects of these and how to respond in ways that promote well-being. Strategies and skills for building community and addressing personal and group conflicts will be examined. The course will also enable students to create and maintain a self-care plan as a tool to embrace ministry with resilience.

MM 568 Self-Care in Mission. This course will address personal, familial, cultural, social, and organizational issues of self and mutual care, such as: stress and burnout; safety and trauma; singleness, marriage, and family; sexuality and sexual impurity; team relationships. Cross-cultural perspectives on these issues are included in reading and lecture. Psychological, theological, and missiological literature provides the foundation for understanding the needs and interventions. The course will provide students with resources to implement appropriate self-care and organizational member care in a variety of mission communities.

MM 572 Crucial Issues in Korean Mission. This course addresses the critical issues in the contemporary mission of evangelical churches with special reference to the Korean mission. The course will help students understand unique assets and problems of the Korean mission in order for them to make unique contributions to the development of the Korean mission. Taught only in Korean.

MM 591 Directed Study in MM.

Urban Mission (MN)

MN 519 Urban Ministry in Global Context. Participants of this course will get acquainted with the city, urbanites, and missiological theories related to the urban society and gain tools for exegeting their own cities. Participants will reestablish their perspectives on cities in light of biblical perspective, sociological objectivity, and ecclesiological perspective. As a result, they will be able to develop a mission strategy and a model of a church that are more appropriate to their own city and the global context.

MN 520 Introduction to Urban Mission. Urbanization is a major force in our global world. As global citizens, we need to understand this urbanizing world and think critically about the church’s response in our changing world. This one-week intensive explores these dynamics, introducing various macro-lenses for seeing the city – theological, anthropological/sociological, ecclesiological ecological, as well as seeing through street-level eyes.

MN 533 Organizing Urban Communities. The course is designed to introduce the student to the principles and methodologies of community organizing as a way to engage churches in community transformation. Students will learn about the process of bringing urban residents together to address injustice and create more effective and humane systems and structures as well as the particular role and potential contribution of the church to this process. Various models of community organizing, including faith-based and faith-rooted efforts, will be examined. Students will also understand the biblical and theological mandate for community transformation as part of a holistic mission strategy. Each student will develop a strategy for engagement applicable to their mission and ministry context based on an actual community analysis project.

MN 536 Urban Immersion: Transforming the City. This course is designed as an interactive, participatory learning immersion that will connect participants with the historical and contemporary socio-cultural and ministry dynamics of Los Angeles. Using the city as our lab, we will journey through city streets, exploring both the urban context and faith responses to the context. We will engage the whole person, using a model analysis guide, as we encounter various approaches to personal, community and city transformation.

MN 540 Urban Church Planting. This course will explore various approaches to church planting in the city. Students will learn tools to read the urban context though theological and ecclesial lenses, build a theological vision of a church in the city, explore contextual approaches for church planting by examining various models of church planting in the city, and learn the nuts and bolts of church planting in the city.

MN 591 Directed Study in MN.

Spiritual Dynamics (MO)

MO 506 Healing Prayer for Intercultural Ministry. This course explores the theory and practice of healing prayer with particular emphasis on its application in intercultural ministry. The approaches to prayer taught in the course deal primarily with healing for emotional wounds, painful memories, and freedom from demonic oppression (i.e., “inner healing” or “deep level healing”). Numerous case studies and prayer models will be covered in class. The primary aim of the course is to equip students with both a biblical framework and practical skills to be able to pray for healing with compassion, wisdom, and the power of the Holy Spirit.

MO 507 Power Encounter. The term “power encounter” refers to signs and wonders, healing and deliverance, dreams and visions, and other such acts of God’s power, often experienced in the context of sharing Christ and extending His Kingdom. The theme of power encounter is developed in both the Old and New Testaments and is a key aspect of intercultural ministry. The course will focus on worldview and spiritual power, the biblical validity and contemporary relevance of power encounter, power encounter and the planting and growth of the church, and various ministry models involving healing prayer, deliverance, spiritual warfare, and intercessory prayer. Numerous case studies will be discussed in class.

MO 591 Directed Study in MO.

Contemporary Culture (MP)

MP 519 Missional Engagement with Contemporary Culture. This course looks at contemporary culture from a missiological perspective, and covers issues of modernity, post-modernity, pluralism, secularism, globalization and the challenges and opportunities that each bring to Church worldwide, necessitating thoughtful, contextually relevant engagement and biblically sound responses. This course proposes the paradigm that missionary engagement should be the basic stance of the Church toward its cultural context, wherever the Church is located.

MP 520 Transforming Contemporary Cultures. This course will explore a Christian understanding of and engagement with the cultures, which surround us, with a focus on postmodernism, media, globalization, consumerism, and ethnic and other subcultures. We will discuss a biblical basis and different theological approaches to Christian interaction with culture and the role of the church in its cultural context. Major topics include: missional theology, transforming culture as part of the reign of God, attention to the poor and oppressed, contextualizing the gospel, and practical application for church ministry.

MP 523 Emerging Missional Practices in Western Society. This course offers an opportunity to engage in theological and missiological reflection on contemporary Western culture, with a view to enabling the informed development of new forms of church that can engage effectively with the prevailing culture while remaining faithful to the inherited Christian tradition.

MP 591 Directed Study in MP.

Religions (MR)

MR 519 Engagement with Other Faiths. This course is designed to give students insightful entry into the lives of people and their traditions of worship, labeled by modernists as “world religions”, for the purpose of compassionate witness to Jesus Christ, which always begins with love for others. The course examines (1) patterns in human religious history, (2) ways of knowing and living pertaining to specific faith traditions, and (3) what happens to people when they receive Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord to heal, repair, and reform.

MR 520 Human Spirituality in Culture. This course will use anthropological tools to bring insight to connecting with human spirituality as experienced within various socio-religious contexts. It is important to appreciate the relationships between a people’s beliefs, values and experiences, religious practitioners, and the cultural institutions that support them. The course will anticipate how these dynamics often impact (and possibly create) at-risk populations in every society: women, children, immigrants, and other marginalized groups.

MR 535 Christ and Confucius. This course provides answers to these timely questions based on historical, scriptural, social, ethical, and ecclesial evidence for interpreting and engaging with people of Confucian-influenced cultures around the world.  Second, this course prepares those serving in distinctively different, Confucian-influenced environments (China, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, southern California, and more) to demonstrate and to articulate the Gospel in specifically local ways as they invite people to deep Christian faith.

MR 541 Christ on the China Road. This course provides introductory, well-illustrated, multi-disciplinary understanding of Chinese ways of living that will enable meaningful engagement with Chinese people – in words and deeds– for the purposes of inviting Chinese people to faith in Jesus Christ.

MR 547 World Religion in Art and Symbol. This course explores the world’s major religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Taoism and Confucianism) by looking at art and symbols and other nonverbal means of expression. Instead of focusing on the study of central texts of these faith traditions, the course investigates their art, symbolism, and rituals. Students will explore the nonverbal and sensory elements of these religions and discuss their meaning and role. For example, they will look at the importance and the role of architecture, color, sound, rhythm, images and how they impact believers consciously and unconsciously and are essential elements of beliefs and practices.

MR 549 Evangelicals and Interfaith Dialogue. This course will expose students to both the theoretical and practical components of Evangelical approaches to interfaith dialogue, primarily focusing on Islam, Judaism, and Mormonism. As Christian mission continues to be challenged and reshaped by globalization, increasing migration, pluralism, and polarizing conflict based on religious and cultural identity, interfaith dialogue provides the mutual opportunity to develop relationship, understanding, and cooperation across cultural and religious lines while remaining consistent with a Biblical framework for witness. This course explores the necessary theological and missiological foundations for dialogue and develops critical reflections for praxis through student participation in interfaith dialogue.

MR 550 Introduction to Islam. A foundational course covering the emergence and development of Muslim faith and practice by journeying through Islam’s defining stages of development. The course will look at Islam’s main components both thematically as well as by an exploration of its varieties of expression. Students will be exposed both to the traditional Muslim narrative as well as the more academic critical contemporary narrative about Islam. Implications for Christians living and ministering among Muslims as well as the advancement of good Christian-Muslim relations will remain the driving concerns.

MR 552 Muslim-Christian Encounter. This course examines Muslim-Christian relations since the inception of Islam to the present times, with examples from around the world. It analyzes historical events and key people who shaped the relations between Christians and Muslims over the centuries and suggests how their legacy affects current interactions between Muslims and Christians. The course allows students to discover a variety of models and principles of Muslim-Christian encounters, with attention paid to the different historical and geopolitical contexts. Particular historical, ecclesiological, and theological issues will be addressed and guidelines for practical encounters explored. Students will have the opportunity to examine their own perceptions of the Muslim world and how it affects their interactions with Muslims.

MR 553 Islam in North America. This course addresses the social, political, and religious/theological dimensions of allegedly the fastest growing religion in America, namely, Islam. Among the topics to be covered are: 1) The history of Islam in America, 2) Current demographics, 3) Social/ Political/Religious organizations developed by Muslims, 4) Political activity of Muslims in America, 5) Methods and strategies of Da’wah to Christians (evangelization of Christians), 6) Converts to Islam, including their social and emotional challenges, and 7) Adaptation of Islam to America. This course will help students develop both conceptual and logical tools to respond not only to Muslim evangelization (Da’wah), but also to evangelizing Muslims.

MR 554 Models of Witness in Muslim Contexts. This course will focus on various models of witness in Muslim contexts that are culturally relevant and bearing fruit. Special emphasis will be given to case studies and recent literature/research. Issues discussed in class include cultural adaptation of cross-cultural workers, Muslim worldview, relationship building, women’s issues, contextualization, power ministries, insider movements, intercessory prayer, culturally relevant Bible translations, and the planting of new congregations. As a part of the course, students will be expected to have interaction with Muslims in the community.

MR 555 Popular Islam in Practice. This course helps students understand basic beliefs and practices of devotees of popular Islam and develop a biblical perspective and response to these beliefs and practices. Those considering ministry among Muslims will benefit from the principles and ministry models presented in this course.

MR 556 Current Trends in Islam. This course is designed to help students gain an understanding of the background and basic beliefs and practices of the various manifestations of Islam today, particularly as they relate to conflict and current global affairs. The course will focus on history, politics and ideologies of the past 120 years or so, with special attention given to the impact of colonialism and Western ideas, Zionism, the emergence of the nation-state, the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate, reform movements from fundamentalist to liberal, Nationalisms of various kinds, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the establishment of the State of Israel, the Iranian Revolution, Palestinian Intifadas, the Gulf Wars, Al Qaida, September 11, and finally the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ and the emergence of ISIS, with special attention to future prospects and the fate of numeric minorities, including Eastern Christianity in the MENA region. Students will research the unity and diversity of responses to these stimuli and their impact across the world. Responses that will be studied include modernism, revivalism, fundamentalism, radicalism, and liberalism. The implications of these trends and events for a Christian understanding and practice of the Church’s mission in the world will be explored.

MR 557 Women and the Role of the Family in Islam. This course examines the varieties of identities and roles of women in historic and contemporary Islam as evidenced by the Qur’an, the Traditions, the Law, and current writings and experience, and the implications of these for interacting with Muslims. Some of the topics dealt with are the religious role and status of Muslim women, their social status, their place in the family, their participation in the Muslim society, and the current debates about gender issues in Islam. This course will explore women’s status from a local and global perspective. It will cover various Christian perspectives on Muslim women and examine biblical views of gender as they relate to gender issues in Islam.

MR 568 Shariah and Human Rights. On the basis of what Muslims see as revelation from God (Quran and Sunna), traditionalists, Islamists and progressives are exchanging sometimes heated arguments. This course is an introduction to the theological and legal background, range and anatomy of these current disputes, and is divided into three parts: (1) a brief introduction to Islam and Islamic law; (2) a focus on the human rights concept itself, its immediate sources in western culture and the history of Islamic human rights declarations; and (3) an examination of various Muslim approaches, from moderate Islamists to more progressive theorists and activists.

MR 569 Biblical Hermeneutics in the Muslim Context. This course sees in the Islamic exegesis of the Bible through history the emergence of a veritable “hermeneutical context” with important implications for those wishing to do ministry among Muslims today. The course will examine the way that Muslims read the Christian Gospels today, as it extends from their reading of them between the 9th and 14th centuries. Through a modern hermeneutical framework, as well as through classical Qur’ānic exegesis, the principal theological themes of the Muslim exegetical endeavor will be examined, particularly as they affected Muslim-Christian dialogue historically. Strategies and skills will be developed to approach these interpretations through objective – non-aggressive and non-apologetic – glasses. Students will be asked to look at the implications of this framework for their particular ministry interest, and to interact with it in a creative and context-relevant manner.

MR 574 Muslim People: Sociological and Anthropological Approaches. This is a foundational course introducing students to sociological and anthropological studies of Islam. They will explore factors other than religion and common historical reference which influence and shape Muslim societies. They will look at the social organization within Muslim societies and the impact of culture on Muslim peoples. They will address issues such as “Is there a Muslim Society?” or “Is the veil defining Muslim women?” After exploring the ways early Islam interpreted cultural and social structures, students will analyze various factors that help us understand Muslim peoples in the present day, such as modernity, secularism, globalization, economic trends, local customs, and social practices. As they study the work of anthropologists and sociologists, students will become familiar with new methodologies for observing Muslim peoples. They will also discover the diversity of Islamic societies and the transformation they undergo. This class addresses as well the advantages and disadvantages of integrating these approaches to Christian mission and how they influence Christians’ respectful witness to Muslims.

MR 578 Music, Peacebuilding, and Interfaith Dialogue. In an era of heightened globalization, extremist acts of violence are linking global and local contexts in ways that require interreligious peoples to practice interfaith dialogue and live together as neighbors. This course explores the contribution of music and the performing arts in fostering sustainable peacebuilding among Muslims and Christians. Based on research in the Arab world (Lebanon, Egypt, Libya, and Morocco) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia), the course focuses on music’s transformative role in conflict and post-conflict settings as it examines how music and song are used in our faiths and daily lives.

MR 579 Judaism and Jewish-Christian Relations. This class examines both the fundamental tenets of Judaism as well as the relationship between the Jewish and Christian religious traditions. While the main focus of the course will be modern Judaism and twentieth century developments in Jewish-Christian relations, the history of the “parting of the ways” and the resulting mutually exclusive self-definitions of Judaism and Christianity sets the backdrop for the contemporary context.

MR 591 Directed Study in MR.

Mission Theology (MT)

MT 500 Biblical Theology of Mission. In this course students will have an opportunity to learn from past mission thinkers and practitioners; hear from one another; and reflect personally on what God’s mission means for the mission of Christians and Christian churches in the rapidly changing, complex global city/village of the twenty-first century. Students will be introduced to a multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary approach to missiological reflection whereby the various components of Missiology (Word, church, personal spiritual pilgrimage, and world/context) are brought together in an integrated understanding of mission, focused on a specific issue of Christian ministry in a particular context.

MT501 Doing Theology in Global Contexts. This course provides a basic introduction to theological reflection as this has developed in various places and is currently emerging in multiple contexts and yet affecting our own. The goal is to provide the background, terminology, and critical framework necessary for students to begin exploring theology as an expanding conversation about the meaning of God in creation, biblical knowledge, and ethics of globalization in context and the church-in-mission. Special attention is given to a Christian faith and practice critically engaged in global mission as this develops in post-colonial, globalized, and urban settings.

MT 502 Missiological Hermeneutics. This course introduces students to the relationship between biblical interpretation and the theology and practice of Christian mission. Participants will grapple with the importance of mission for reading the Bible and the teaching of the Bible on mission. This will include the missiological orientation of biblical texts, diverse paradigms for missional practice in Scripture, and issues of contextualization as students seek to understand the significance of mission for reading the Bible and for embodying Scripture’s witness in their contexts. Prerequisite: NT500 or 0T500

MT 503 Theology of Mission. Christianity from the beginning was a global faith—with its center of gravity in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia before it became a predominantly Western religion (c. 900). Now, after roughly five centuries, it is re-emerging as a non-Western phenomenon. A full historical account reveals a faith that is inherently global because it is ultimately local and therefore never fully defined by any historical phase or context. This course explores Christianity’s first two thousand years with a primary focus on the inherent dynamic that propels cross-cultural transmission and the critical elements that have defined the experience and expressions of the faith in successive heartlands.

MT 520 Biblical Foundations of Mission. A central theme of the Scriptures is the mission of God as it relates to the present and coming Kingdom of God. This course reviews the perspectives on the mission of the people of God in both the Old and New Testaments.

MT 527 Theologian of Mission and Ministry: Lesslie Newbigin. Lesslie Newbigin (1909-1998) was an outstanding twentieth-century Christian leader and seminal thinker who left a rich legacy of writings on theology, ecclesiology, mission, ecumenism, and ministry. This course will deal with the major themes of Newbigin’s writings.

MT 529 D. Bosch: Missionary Theologian. 데이비드 보쉬는 20세기의 탁월한 선교신학자로 인정받고 있다.  그가 처했던 남아프리카의 역사적, 문화적, 종교적 상황 뿐만 아니라 신약학자로서의 교육 훈련이 그에게 영향을 주었으며, 이후 아프리카로 돌아와 트란스케이(Transkei)에서의 그의 선교사역은 그의 삶과 사역을 형성하는데 있어 중요한 역할을 하였다.   다양한 신학적인 전통들로부터 통찰력을 이끌어내고 그것들을 온유한 안에서 균형있고 역동성있게 종합, 발전시키는 그의 능력은 그의 선교신학으로 하여금 현대의 어느 선교학자들의 것보다도   영향력을 주는 신학이 되게 만들었다.

MT 535 Theology of Suffering and Joy. This course will examine the twin themes of suffering and joy in scripture and Christian history. The more recent interdisciplinary, pastoral, intercultural and theological developments for ministry on the mission field and for NGOs will be viewed through the lens of a theology of suffering and joy.

MT 542 Holistic Theology for the City. Employing a constructive and integrative method, students will interweave Scripture, insights from historical and current contextual theologies, their own life journeys, and the diverse influences shaping their cities, in order to construct their own contextual urban theologies.  Doing so will enable them to see more clearly the close interrelationship between theological reflection and transformative practice.

MT 544 Disability and Mission. People with disabilities have historically been stigmatized and marginalized. This course explores the explicitly theological reasons for such discrimination and seeks to construct a more inclusive Christian pastoral and mission praxis in global context.

MT 565 Intercultural Theology and Method. This is a CMR doctoral seminar open to a limited number of advanced master’s students. The Graduate Seminar on Intercultural Theology and Method investigates and discusses critically competing methodologies and approaches in contemporary constructive theologies in global contexts including their philosophical, hermeneutical, and cultural ramifications. Approaches to be studied include various types of liberationist, contextual, intercultural, interreligious, and hermeneutical theologies, as well as Evangelical responses and constructive proposals. The seminar is intended to facilitate graduate theological and hermeneutical work in the field of missiology, mission theology, and intercultural theology and doctrine in global contexts.

MT569 Reading the Bible Contextually. An exploration of the role of context – both ancient and modern – in interpretive approaches to Scripture. Participants will grapple with the importance of a series of “locations” for reading Scripture, including ancient settings, settings within the canon of Scripture, settings within the church over time, and contemporary locations, as they take seriously the significance of “reading from this place.”

MT 591 Directed Study in MT.